Kovar Tube as a Potential Catalyst for Conversion of Tar Produced from Biomass Gasification

A pre-oxidized Kovar tube was employed as a reforming catalyst for the conversion of naphthalene. Under dry reforming condition, 24.7 % naphthalene conversion could be achieved, whereas 36.6 and 42.3 % naphthalene conversion could be achieved when steam was added to the producer gas at the volume ratio of 0.06 and 0.11, respectively. Increasing the reforming tempe- rature to 1173 K enhanced the catalytic removal of naphthalene to 91.5 %.

Development of Exports of Knowledge-intensive Services as a Catalyst for Innovation

At the present stage, the knowledge-intensive services sector is one of the key drivers of the global knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-intensive services cover a wide range of market, finan- cial, high-tech, social and other services based on the knowledge and experience of highly qualified specialists. This type of services acts as a catalyst for innovation activities of organizations based on an organic combination of production processes, research and development activities and consumer needs.

Nanotechnologies for Preparation and Application of Metallic Nickel

Nanostructured nickel exhibits substantial surface area per unit volume and adjustable optical, electronic, magnetic, and biological properties, that makes nanofabricated nickel highly attractive as regards to its practical application in different fields of chemistry. Technologies on nickel nanomaterials including their simple preparation and modern application are summarized in this review.

Influence of Amino Acids and Alcohols on Catalytic Oxidation of Cyclohexane

Conducted experiments and collected data show that use of catalytic systems that contain individual amino acids and industrial catalyst – solution of cobalt naphtenate with cyclohexanone – have certain influence on the process of liquid-phase homogeneous oxidation of cyclohexane. The results of spectral studies of binary catalytic systems based on NC using additives of different nature (alcohols and nitrogen-containing modifiers) allow us to propose structural formulas of catalytic complexes.


A study of the process of activation of molybdenumboride catalyst in the reaction of epoxidation of octene-1 with tert-butyl hydroperoxide and the effect on this process of the initial concentration of octene-1, tert-butyl hydroperoxide and the amount of catalyst in the reaction mixture. As well as reaction products (tert-butyl alcohol and epoxy). It is shown that over time a new amorphous phase is formed on the surface of Mo2B, which actually catalyzes the epoxidation reaction of octene-1 with tert-butyl hydroperoxide.

ZnCl2-Catalyzed Four-Component Domino Reaction for One-Pot Eco-Safe and Convenient Synthesis of Polyfunctionalized Dihydro-2-oxopyrroles at Ambient Temperature

In this study, ZnCl2 was applied as an environmentally friendly and efficient Lewis acid catalyst for the one-pot four-component synthesis of polysubstituted dihydro-2-oxopyrroles from the reaction between dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylate, formaldehyde and amines (aromatic and aliphatic) at ambient temperature. This methodology has a number of advantages such as use of inexpensive, eco-safety of catalyst, short reaction times, high yields, easy work-up (just simple filtration), and simplicity of operation.

Synthesis Mechanism and Properties of Epoxy Resins Modified with Adipic Acid

The mechanism of diepoxide and adipic acid (AA) reaction in the presence of benzyltriethylammonium chloride and 1,4-diazobicyclo[2,2,2] octane has been proposed. The thermal stability of the oligoester obtained via chemical modification of the dioxydiphenylpropane diglycidyl ether with AA and epoxy-oligoesteric mixtures with its participation has been studied. The viscoelastic properties of films based on epoxy-oligoesteric mixtures containing Epidian-5 epoxy resin, TGM-3 oligoesteracrylate, AA modified Epidian-5 and polyethylpolyamine have been determined.

Research of the Process of Liquid Phase Selective Oxidation of 4-Aminotoluene with Ozone

According to the results of studying of kinetic relationships and mechanism of the process of catalytic oxidation of 4-aminotoluene with ozone in the liquid phase, the basis of the technology of 4-aminobenzyl alcohol and 4-aminobenzaldehyde have been developed. It has been shown that under the ozonation conditions in the solution of acetic anhydride in the presence of sulfuric acid, manganese(II) acetate or its mixture with potassium bromide it is possible to stop oxidation at the stage of forming 4-aminobenzyl alcohol or aldehyde.

About the correlation to activity of catalyst of Mо2B and selectivity of formation of epoxide in reaction of epoxidation oct-1-ene with tert-butyl hydroperoxide

This work is dedicated to the study of change of composition of surface of catalyst of Мо2В in the reaction of epoxidation of oct-1-ene tert-butyl hydroperoxide under the action of reactionary environment. And as with this process the constrained selectivity of formation of epoxide.

Presented results of x-ray phase analysis of initial and exhaust in a reaction epoxidation of standards of boride of molybdenum - Мо2В. The obtained data testify that both a weekend and exhaust catalyst contains one and that diffraction lances that answer one crystalline phase of Мо2В.


The activation of Mo2B catalyst in the epoxidation of oct-1-ene with tert-butyl
hydroperoxide was researched. Dependences of the initial rate of hydroperoxide consumption
on the initial concentration of octene-1, tert-butyl hydroperoxide and the amount of catalyst in
the reaction mixture in the presence of an unactivated form of the Mo2B catalyst were studied.
The activation process can be described by the Avraami-Erofeev topokinetic equation and
includes two successive steps, viz., the nucleation and formation of a new active phase. The