montmorillonite

INVESTIGATION OF INFLUENCE OF CONDITIONS OF OBTAINING PA6/MMT NANOCOMPOSITES ON THEIR THERMAL PROPERTIES

The influence of additional thermal and thermomechanical treatment of PA6/MMT nanocomposites obtained from the formic acid solution on their heat resistance and technological properties was investigated. Thermal analysis established that heating the nanocomposite to a temperature of 250 ºС and treating it on a capillary plastometer IIRT at a temperature of 230 ºС increases the degree of crystallinity and heat resistance of the samples.

USE OF CLAY SORPTIVE MATERIALS IN THE SYNTHESIS OF POLYMER MATERIALS

The paper suggests the solution to the urgent problem of increasing the level of environmental safety of industrial wastewater treatment from heavy metal using natural and modified bentonite.The use of spent bentonite in the processes of filling polymers is investigated. The aim of the research was to study the influence of fillers on the crosslinking course and functional properties of vulcanized elastomeric mixtures. Test research compositions included chloroprene rubber and chlorosulfonated polyethylene. Nanofillers were used as a strengthening substance.

USE OF CLAY SORPTIVE MATERIALS IN THE SYNTHESIS OF POLYMER MATERIALS

The paper suggests the solution to the urgent problem of increasing the level of environmental safety of industrial wastewater treatment from heavy metal using natural and modified bentonite.The use of spent bentonite in the processes of filling polymers is investigated. The aim of the research was to study the influence of fillers on the crosslinking course and functional properties of vulcanized elastomeric mixtures. Test research compositions included chloroprene rubber and chlorosulfonated polyethylene. Nanofillers were used as a strengthening substance.

RESEARCH OF NANOCOMPOSITE BASED ON POLYVINYL ALCOHOL BY DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETRY

The methods of obtaining structured and water-soluble nanocomposite films based on polyvinyl alcohol and intercalated montmorillonite are presented in the paper. The structure and thermophysical characteristics of the obtained films were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. It was found that the modification of polyvinyl alcohol by intercalated montmorillonite reduces the degree of crystallinity of the obtained nanocomposites but significantly increases their heat resistance.

Obtaining of nanocomposites based on montmorillonite and polyamide in solution

The method of obtaining nanocomposites based on polyamide-6 and montmorillonite intercalated by polyvinylpyrrolidone by precipitation from a solution in formic acid was developed in the work. The structure and physical interaction between the components of nanocomposites were studied by the methods of XRD, IR spectroscopic, and microscopic analyzes. The presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone in the structure of nanocomposites obtained from the solution was confirmed by IR spectroscopic analysis.

Direct Synthesis and Characterization of Photo-Crosslinkable Biodegradable PLA-PEG-PLA Ttiblock Copolymer with Methacrylates Functions by Green Montmorillonite Clay Catalyst

Di-methacrylated PLA-PEG-PLA triblock copolymers of polylactide and polyethylene glycol were synthesized in one-step process by bulk cationic polymerization of lactide in the presence of PEG with different average molecular weights, using Maghnite-H+, an acidic montmorillonite clay, as a solid non-toxic catalyst. The obtained di-methacrylated copolymer was analyzed by 1H NMR and DSC. The effect of Maghnite-H+ proportions and PEG average molecular weight on the copolymerization and methacrylation yields and on average molecular weight of the resulting copolymers was studied.

ORGANO-MONTMORILLONITE MODIFIED BY POLYIONENES FOR POLYMER COMPOSITES

The technology for producing montmorillonite modified with polyionenes has been developed. It was shown that macromolecular polymer intercalation of the quaternary ammonium salt of montmorillonite intercrystalline space is accompanied by an increase in interlayer distances from 1.08 to 1.67 nm. A method for the synthesis of montmorillonite modified with polyionenes is proposed.

The Role of Polyvinylpyrrolidone in the Formation of Nanocomposites Based on a Compatible Polycaproamide and Polypropylene

The interrelation of physico-mechanical and technological characteristics of newly created nanocomposites on the basis of polypropylene (PP)/polyamide (PA-6) mixture with PVP-modified montmorillonite has been investigated. The significant impact of modified polyamide on technological, physical and mechanical properties and heat resistance of polypropylene has been determined. It has been established that the melt flow index of the resulting composites increases by more than 2 times, compared with pure PP.

Investigation of structure of nanocomposites on the basis of mixture of polypropylene and modified polyamide with using scanning electronic microscopy.

Mixtures based on polypropylene (PP) and polyamide (PA) are of great importance as structural materials, the mixing of which reduces the negative characteristics of the original polymers. Non-polar PP significantly reduces water absorption of the material during mixing with polar high hydrophilic PA. As a result, the effect of moisture on the mechanical and thermal properties of the composites decreases. On the other hand, mixing PP with PA can extend the temperature range of material exploitation at negative temperatures.

THE USE OF ULTRASOUND IN REACTIONS OF OBTAINING OF POLYVINYLPYRROLIDONE COPOLYMERS AND (NANO)COMPOSITES ON ITS BASE

Usually, in chemical industry the energy of ultrasound is being used to intensify technological processes. However, the complexity of the mechanism of ultrasound action makes it difficult to create a single common theory that could explain its influence on the chemical reactions. Therefore, in each particular case wide-ranging studies of the influence of ultrasound on the chemical reaction, as well as on the structure and properties of the synthesized substances and materials are required.