The influence of the production conditions for rapeseed and soybean oils obtained by extraction in the system “solid – liquid” on the qualitative composition of the obtained vegetable oils has been studied.
The article is presenting a modification of bituminous binder with ecological epoxidized rapeseed oil (BERO) in the presence of the initiator (hardener). Adipic acid (AA), maleic anhydride (MA) and polyethylene polyamine (PEPA) were used as the initiators. The effect of modification temperature and, as well as initiator nature, on the bitumen properties was determined. Bitumen modified with BERO was evaluated by the following indicators: softening temperature, penetration, ductility, and adhesion to the glass.
The article presents results of experimental data of a study of the extraction process of vegetable oil from soybean and rapeseed in a stationary layer, held using a Soxhlet apparatus. Polar solvents such as methylene chloride and ethanol were used as the extractants. The influence of the grinding degree of the particles of vegetable raw material on the oil yield were investigated. Solvents’ nature impact on the efficiency of the processis established. The results of quantitative analysis are presented in the form of graphical dependencies with the presence of basic process parameters.
In our time, the use of bitumen modified with epoxy compounds is considered as an
effective means of improving the durability of road pavement. Given the rather long duration
of modification of road bitumen epoxy rapeseed oil (EPO), we studied the processes of
modifying bitumen using ultrasonic cavitation. For research, road bitumen modified with
rapeseed oil epoxy using cavitation and without it. Cavitation in the process of modification of
road bitumen was used to reduce the modification time.
For the first time, oleochemical sulfanes were synthesized via sequential vulcanization of fatty acid alkyl esters from rapeseed oil by benzoyl peroxide and elemental sulfur. Their structure and properties were established by the methods of instrumental analysis and it was shown that oleochemical sulfanes are complex structures with different cross-linking degrees, which provide excellent antioxidant and tribological characteristics and do not cause steel or copper corrosion under harsh test conditions.
The work is devoted to the development of alternative jet fuel blended with rapeseed oil-derived biocomponents and study of their physical-chemical properties. The modification of conventional jet fuel by rapeseed oil esters was chosen for this work among the variety of technologies for alternative jet fuels development. The main characteristics of conventional jet fuel and three kinds of biocomponents were determined and compared to the standards requirements to jet fuel of Jet A-1 grade.