Coumarone-indene resins (CIR) with carboxy groups were synthesized via cooligomerization of unsaturated compounds presented in light fraction of coal tar and its fraction boiling out within 423–463 K with the addition of such industrial monomers as styrene, maleic anhydride, glycidyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid. 2,2`-Azobis(2-methylpropionitrile) in the form of 0.2 M solution in toluene was used as an initiator. The effect of monomers nature, initiator amount, temperature and reaction time on the yield and characteristics of resulted CIR has been determined.
Crosslinking of epoxy-oligoesteric mixtures composed of ED-20 dianic epoxy resin and TGM-3 oligoesteracrylate has been studied in the presence of dioxydiphenylpropane diglycidyl ether modified with adipic acid (DCDER). Crosslinking was carried out at room temperature and while heating at 383, 403 or 423 K using polyethylene polyamine as a hardener. The procedure of DCDER synthesis has been developed. The structural changes were controlled by determining film hardness and gel-fraction content. The chemistry of films formation was confirmed by IR-spectroscopy.
Crosslinking of epoxy-oligomeric mixtures has been studied at room temperature and at heating to 383, 403 and 423 K for 15, 30, 45, 60 and 75 min in the presence of polyethylenepolyamine. The mixtures consist of industrial ED-20 epoxy resin, oligoesteracrylate TGM-3 and carboxy-containing derivative of ED-24 epoxy resin. The effect of mixture composition, temperature and process time on the gel-fraction content and hardness of polymeric films has been examined. Using IR-spectroscopy the chemism of network formation has been determined.
The chemical interaction of organosilicon compounds and copolymers of ethylene with vinylacetate and copolymers of ethylene with vinylacetate and maleic anhydride was studied by IR-spectroscopy absorption and attenuated total reflection (ATR). An enrichment of the surface layers of polymers by siloxane phase was found, that may be useful in the design of the chemical structure of adhesive materials for different purposes.
The article deals with the results of theoretical and experimental research on the production of ceramic pigments of blue color with the structure of spinel on the basis of slag of aluminothermal production of ferrotitanium. The sequence of the physical and chemical processes that determine the formation of the set of crystalline phases under drossy pigments burning was established. The influence of the concentration of cobalt oxide and the temperature of researched pigments firing on their optical-color characteristics was studied.
The reaction between novolac phenol-formaldehyde resin and glycidylmethacrylate has been studied in the presence of potassium hydroxide and the synthesis procedure of phenol-formaldehyde resin with unsaturated side bonds has been suggested. The effective rates and activation energy of the mentioned reaction have been calculated. The structure of synthesized resin was confirmed by IR-spectroscopy. The synthesized resin may be used as active component of polymeric blends based on ED-20 industrial epoxy resin, its peroxy derivative (PO) and TGM-3 oligoesteracrylate.
The possibility of epoxy resin carboxy-containing derivative (CDER) obtaining has been studied on the basis of dianic epoxy resin ED-24 and adipic acid (AA). The synthesized CDER contains epoxy and carboxy groups at the same time. Used catalysts were benzyltriethylammonium chloride (BTEACh); 1,4-diazobicyclo[2,2,2]octane; N,N-dimethylaminopyridine; 18-Crown-6, potassium hydroxide, triethylamine and 18-Crown-6+ZnCl2 catalytic system. The effect of the catalyst nature and amount, reagents ratio, process temperature and time on the reaction proceeding between ED-24 and AA has been determined.
Phenol-formaldehyde resins (PhFR) with reactive methacrylate fragments or labile peroxy bonds in the side branches used as a polymeric component of bitumen-polymeric mixtures have been investigated. Taking into account that PhFR with peroxy fragments based on epoxy resin does not described in literature, its synthesis procedure has been developed. The kinetic regularities of the reaction between peroxy derivative of epoxy resin (PDER) and phenol group of PhFR were studied taking the reaction of PDER with phenol as an example.
Kinetic regularities of epoxy resins chemical modification by aliphatic and aromatic dibasic acids have been studied. The commercial dianic resins ED-20 and ED-24 were used as epoxy resins. Oxalic, malonic, succinic, sebacic, maleic, terephthalic and isophthalic acids were used as dibasic carboxylic acids. The effective rate constants and activation energies of the reactions between epoxy resin and acids by different nature have been calculated. The synthesis method for oligomers with epoxy and carboxy groups has been suggested.
New oligomer with peroxy, primary and secondary hydroxy groups has been synthesized on the basis of peroxy derivative of ED-24 epoxy resin (PO) and PolyTHF-2000 oligoether according to the developed procedure. The effect of the catalysts nature and amount, temperature and process time on the reaction rate has been studied. Benzyltriethylammonium chloride, potassium hydroxide, 1,4-diazobicyclooctane and the mixture composed of benzyltriethylammonium chloride and KOH (molar ratio 1:1) were used as the catalysts.