This paper presents the investigations of the environmental advantages of low carbon composite gypsum binders for building applications. The impact of ultrafine zeolite additive on the physico-mechanical properties and hydration processes of composite gypsum binders has been investigated. The modification of gypsum pastes by polycarboxylate type superplasticizer results in the radical change in the formed microstructure of composite gypsum binders. The obtained results are essential for further design and development of new types of gypsum composites with an increased water resistance.
The possibility of using gas-thermal treatment of glass containers with a solution of ammonium salts to increase the water-resistance had shown. To avoid possible cracking of the glass surface, it had suggested using an alcohol suspension or multiple sulfur-containing organic solvents. This greatly improves the chemical resistance of the jar. Therefore on the surface of the treated bottle formed a touch of salt, which has easily washed off with water.
One of the actual problems of the further sustainable development of construction industry is solution of energy and resource saving problems during production and reduction of harmful emissions. Building materials based on gypsum raw compared to cement materials of analogical purpose are characterized by low energy consumption, as well as better ecological indicators. However, gypsum materials without modifying additives have low strength and water resistance which limits their application to the area of internal processing of rooms with a relative humidity of up to 60 %.
One of the possible ways of restoring and further effective development of the construction industry with small investments is to expand the production and use of low-energy nonclinker binders. The use of gypsum and gypsum-cement-pozzolanic binder, obtained with the use of various waste and related products from other sectors of the national economy is perspective in this direction. It provides an increase of binders` required properties and improves their technical and economic indicators, solving to a certain extent the problems of ecology.
The current article is focused at the physical and technical properties of ceramic bricks. It was established that the decisive factors in the process of interaction of ceramic bricks with water, water solutions and water vapor is the composition of pore structure and energy state of its surface. It is substantiated and defined the component composition and technological regime of the protective coating formation on the surface of ceramic bricks. The technological properties of the initial composition and physico-mechanical properties of coatings based on them are established.
In the article there are substantiated and determine the optimal composition of protective covering by the mathematical planning method with taking into account the influence of protective covering on water absorption, adhesive strength and frost resistance. It is constituted technologic regime of marking and hardening protective covering on the ceramic matrix surface. It is determined the depth of protective covering penetration and its role in the adhesive contact formation during hardening process and its dependence from ceramic matrix structure.
The investigation results of type B fine asphalt concrete and its form modified by rapeseed oil epoxide are represented. The efficiency of ERO addition and its positive effect on the physico-mechanical properties of asphalt concrete has been established.