This paper considers the effect of mutual activation of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) and poly-(4 vinylpyridine) (P4VP) hydrogels during their remote interaction on the degree of yttrium ions sorption from an aqueous medium. Electrochemical properties were studied by conductometry and pH measurements to predict the activation possibility of these hydrogels. pH measurements showed that at 0.1 hour, the pH values were the lowest, indicating a high content of H+ ions in the aqueous solution.
Phenomena of remote interaction in intergel systems polymethacrylic acid hydrogel – poly-4-vinylpyridine hydrogel (hPMAA-hP4VP) and polymethacrylic acid hydrogel – poly-2-methyl-5-vinylpyridine hydrogel (hPMAA-hP2M5VP) have been studied. It was found that there is a decrease of specific electric conductivity, pH and swelling degree of PMAA, P4VP, P2M5VP hydrogels during lanthanum ions sorption by the intergel systems.
The article considers the influence of precursor type and sol-gel synthesis conditions of TiO2 on its properties. The obtained TiO2 samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction methods, electron microscopy, as a result of which it was found that all the obtained TiO2 powders have the crystallite size in a nanorange of 2.5–17 nm. It was shown that sorption-photocatalytic properties of TiO2 significantly depend on a phase composition, surface acidity, specific surface area and porosity.
Phenomenon of the long-range effect of poly(methacrylic acid) hydrogel poly(4-vinylpyridine) hydrogel (gPMAAgP4VP intergel system) оn erbium ions sorption was studied. It was established that the structure of the basic hydrogel had a significant impact on the self-organization of the PMAA hydrogel. The mutual activation of hydrogels was investigated in an aqueous medium. Dependencies of swelling coefficient, specific electric conductivity and pH of aqueous solutions were determined.
Modern hydrogel healing therapies for damaged human skin, must perform a number of functions which are inherent for the skin: 1) preservation of thermal and water balance; 2) ensuring of oxygen penetration; 3) providing transportation of substances necessary for the functioning of the organism; 4) protection from mechanical damage. When using hydrogel coatings on damaged areas of the skin, they must perform, an additional function - prolonged delivery to the wound of therapeutic agents of various nature.
The increase of ecological safety level of the hydrosphere as a result of the improvement of the adsorption processes for waste and mine water purification by using natural sorbents and desalting processes via electrodialysis has been investigated. The optimal parameters of improved sorption processes with natural sorbents have been established. The mechanism of diffusion was studied by the “kinetic memory” method. Effective coefficients of pore diffusion were determined during sorption of pollutants by natural sorbents.
Some new modified sorbents based on opoka from Astrakhan region were obtained. A comparative study of the sorption of cadmium ions on the surfaces of the sorbents was made. Also the static adsorption isotherm of substances from aqueous solutions was studied. The change of enthalpy, isobaric-isothermal potential and entropy of sorption and kinetics of cadmium ions sorption from water solutions were calculated. The results of the study can be used for the water purification from cadmium ions
The physicochemical properties of surface of the metal-containing polymer-silicate composites, which have been obtained due to compatible precipitation of water-soluble polymers and silicates under the influence of metal chlorides, such as specific surface area, the number of active centers, moisture absorption, sorption ability were studied.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the methanogenesis of chicken manure with effluent’s liquid phase recycling with and without nitrogen stripping. It was determined that methanogenesis with full recirculation of the liquid phase is possible both with the sorption of ammonia nitrogen and without it. However, it was characterized by an inhibited state. Methane production was 0.51 l/l in a reactor with ammonia stripping and 0.23 l/l in a reactor without ammonia stripping. The ammonia removal efficiency was 12.5% ammonia nitrogen.
The article presents the research results of using different types of silicate minerals, their modified forms for sewage sorption treatment. Their physical and chemical properties, the mechanisms of action and sorption efficiency of the widespread natural minerals are characterized in this paper.