Problem statement. The production of oil crops and products of their processing has significantly increased in recent decades. Vegetable oils are mainly produced by pressing oilcontaining raw materials using screw-type presses. During the press operation, there is a need to adapt its working regimes to the seeds of individual crops while ensuring the possibility of adjusting certain operation parameters that are set technologically. Purpose.
In this article, a new method of increasing the efficiency of combined steel roof trusses is proposed and considered. A rational shape of the steel roof truss, including its topology and rational geometric parameters, was obtained, but without obtaining a rational SSS. A proposed method provides the adjustment of SSS in the truss by changing the upper belt panel length. On the basis of the obtained rational SSS of the combined truss, a new structural form is proposed.
The low machinability of titanium alloys is determined by the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of these materials and their mechanical characteristics. It is also evident in the hardened state of the material being processed during cutting and in the initial state. This phenomenon is caused by thermodynamic parameters that determine the properties of titanium material at elevated temperatures. The peculiarities of the cutting and chip formation processes during titanium alloy machining are presented in this article.
In this article on increasing the efficiency of steel combined structures, the tasks of rational design, regulation and control of structural parameters of elements, the use of steels with increased mechanical properties are considered. It is shown that for a six-span stiffening girder of a combined truss with elastic supports, which operates under a distributed load, the moment is 72 times smaller than the moment of a single-span beam. It is suggested to use high-strength steel for truss braces. Rationality criteria are proposed.
Wide spread of RC structures in construction projects indicates the necessity of their service life prolongation. Perspective possibility to increase strength of RC structures is use of external composite tapes. The article presents theoretical research on the effectiveness of strengthening of RC bended elements with the use of composite tapes. Work also includes comparative analysis on the basis of calculations, according to normative regulations.
Heat-resistant and high-alloy steels and alloys are difficult materials to machine. Optimizing the cutting parameters for such materials is a complex and multi-factorial technological process planning task. The paper describes the method of analysis of loading, thermodynamic and stress-strain state of a workpiece while cutting of typical representative of hard-to-cut materials (chromium-nickel alloy IN718) using finite element simulation. Influence of feed rate on cutting force and temperature in the zone of chip formation is given.
In order to obtain reliable information about the stress-strain state of the structure, subjected to loading, it is necessary to determine deformations` distribution. In some cases, it is almost impossible to assess stress-strain state with the traditional approaches. However, the DIC methods provide reliable information about the fields of displacement and deformation almost without limitations. Such approaches are rather effective for determination of the stress-strain state on smooth surfaces and in zones with stress concentrators.
The article is devoted to the regulation of the stress-strain state in the compressed elements of steel frames under full operating load. It is proposed to perform reinforcement of such elements with different end eccentricities of load application by rational regulation of the stress-strain state in the reinforcement elements. It is shown that the use of SDS adjustment for frame racks increases their bearing capacity and reduces deformability and welds. The new proposed technology of SDS regulation and possible constructive decisions are offered.
In the article, the algorithm for determination of stresses in anisotropic plates with elastic inclusions of another anisotropic material was developed on the basis of complex singular integral equations. The solving of integral equations has been carried out numerically using the method of mechanical quadratures. The strength analysis (calculation of strength) of composite plates with inclusions has been performed using the Hoffman criterion.
A method for estimating and predicting abnormal layer and pore pressure during drilling of oil and gas wells using finite element method is elaborated. Utilizing simulated stress-strain state of a real model of a massif it is shown the qualitative agreement of results with theoretical calculations. We identified evaluation and prediction of pore and layer pressures and reservoir in the rock massif.