Assessment of the noise level on arterial streets depending on traffic flow indicators

: 52-63
Received: September 15, 2021
Accepted: October 19, 2021
Lviv National Agrarian University

The intensity of traffic flows increases every year and intensifies its impact significantly on urban territory's ecologic situation and natural environment. In Ukrainian cities, the growth of noise pollution is quite a topical problem as it has a significant impact on the environment because of the increase in car numbers. Traffic flow intensity and densification of the built-up area cause the increase of the noise level. As analytical methods of calculation of determination of traffic noise level have several disadvantages, then for assessing the level of noise on arterial streets of Lviv city, research is carried out with consideration of traffic flow indicators. One of the critical criteria that have an impact on noise pollution in the urban environment is traffic flow composition. Conducted research indicates that the speed of traffic flow creates significant noise pollution, especially on those streets where cobblestone is a road pavement. Freight and passenger transport that moves along arterial streets causes the increase of noise level and increases its impact on the city territory. On sections of arterial streets in peak periods of the day with high values of volume-capacity ratio and general share of freight and public transport of more than 30% in a flow, the noise exceeds the acceptable norms and has a harmful impact on the environment. That is why it is necessary to assess noise pollution and the development of protection measures from noise during the planning and construction of some urban regions or residential areas. It is established that to lower the noise level on streets, it is necessary to consider existing intersections of arterial streets and the regime of movement on them. To lower transport noise, it is necessary to distribute freight and transit transport by city streets more rationally, use qualitative public transport, and limit the maximal speed regime on city streets. Further research on the road network will provide an opportunity to assess the noise level distribution of traffic flows in Lviv city. It will help to determine the problem places and propose methods of combating traffic noise.

1. Anees, M., Qasim, M., & Bashir, A. (2017). Physiological and physical impact of noise pollution on environment. Earth Science PakistanVolume 1(1), 08-11. doi: 10.26480/esp.01.2017.08.10 (in English)

2. Vnukova N. V.(2011) Otsinka akustychnoho zabrudnennia prydorozhnoi terytorii avtomobilnoi dorohy [Assessment of acoustic pollution of the roadside area of the highway] Skhidno-Yevropeiskyi zhurnal peredovykh tekhnolohii [Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies], Volume 4(6), 42 – 47. (in Ukrainian)

3. Roudsari, H.K., & Chandrashekara, B. (2017). Assessment of the noise quality level as an urban design parameter and impact of pedestrianisation in tehran’s city center. Journal of international academic research for multidisciplinary Impact Factor, Volume 5, Issue 3. 103-114. (in English)

4. Nascimento, E.O., Oliveira, F.D., Oliveira, L., & Zannin, P.H. (2020). Noise prediction based on acoustic maps and vehicle fleet composition. Applied Acoustics, Volume 174. 107-118. doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2020.107803. (in English)

5. Lacasta A. M., Peñaranda A. and Cantalapiedra I. R. (2018) Green streets for noise reduction. Nature Based Strategies for Urban and Building Sustainability. 181-190. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-812150-4.00017-3. (in English)

6. Jakovljevic, B., Paunovic, K., Belojevic, G., (2009). Road-traffic noise and factors influencing noise annoyance in an urban population. Environment International, 35(3): 552-556. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2008.10.001. (in English)

7. Mohammadi, I., Parvin, N., Behzad, M., & Hosseini, M. (2005). Reliability analysis of traffic noise estimates in highways of TEHRAN by monte carlo simulation method. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 2, 229-236. (in English)

8. Covaciu, D., Florea, D., & Tímár, J. (2015). Estimation of the noise level produced by road traffic in roundabouts. Applied Acoustics, 98, 43-51. doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.04.017. (in English)

9. Alam P., Ahmad K.,  Afsar S. and Akhtar N., "Validation of the Road Traffic Noise Prediction Model RLS-90 in an Urban Area," 2020 3rd International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Computer Engineering: Machine Learning and Internet of Things (ICETCE), 2020, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ICETCE48199.2020.9091759. (in English)

10. Figlus T., Gnap J., Skrúcaný T., & Szafraniec P. (2017). Analysis of the influence of different means of transport on the level of traffic noise. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport, 97, 27-38. doi: 10.20858/sjsutst.2017.97.3. (in English)

11. Sánchez, G., Renterghem, T.V., Thomas, P., & Botteldooren, D. (2016). The effect of street canyon design on traffic noise exposure along roads. Building and Environment, 97, 96-110. (in English)

12. Yang, Weijun & He, Jinying & He, Canming & Cai, Ming. (2020). Evaluation of urban traffic noise pollution based on noise maps. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 87. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102516. (in English)

13. Li F., Liao S., & Cai M. (2016). A new probability statistical model for traffic noise prediction on free flow roads and control flow roads. Transportation Research Part D-transport and Environment. 49, 313-322. doi: 10.24425/bpasts.2020.134190. (in English)

14. Kihlman T. Kropp W., Lang W. (2014) Quieter Cities of the Future. Lessening the Severe Health Effects of Traffic Noise in Cities by Emission Reductions. International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences,. 1 – 28 p. Retrieved from QuieterCities-of-the-Future-May-2014-2.pdf. (in English)

15. Khan, J., Ketzel, M., Kakosimos, K., Sørensen, M., & Jensen, S. S. (2018). Road traffic air and noise pollution exposure assessment – A review of tools and techniques. Science of The Total EnvironmentVolume 634, 661-676. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.374 (in English)

16. Kachmar R. (2013) Otsiniuvannia ekolohichnykh ta ekonomichnykh vtrat vid shumu transportnykh potokiv mista Lvova [Estimation of ecological and economic losses from noise of transport flows of the city of Lviv], Avtoshliakhovyk Ukrainy [Road Transporter аnd Road Constructor of Ukraine], 1(231), 10 – 13. (in Ukrainian)

17. Zakhyst terytorii budynkiv i sporud vid shumu [Protection of territories, buildings and structures from noise]. (2013). DBN ISO V.1.1-31:2013 from 01th June 2014. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development (in Ukrainian)

18. Nastanova z rozrakhunku ta proektuvannia zakhystu vid shumu selbyshchnykh terytorii [Guidelines for the calculation and design of noise protection of residential areas]. (2014). DSTU ISO N B V.1.1-33: 2013 from 01th January 2014. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development (in Ukrainian)