Described element base of a homogeneous computational medium, which can be effectively used in the creation of signal processing systems using processing algorithms with deep parallelization, up to the bit level. The analysis of advantages and disadvantages of the existing element base is carried out and the new improved structure of a processor element of the homogeneous computational medium is offered. The possibility of multiple use of each element of the entered data, which provides high computational performance of a homogeneous computational medium, is one of the significant advantages of the systolic approach. Other benefits, such as matrix scalability, simplicity, and regularity of data flows, are realized through the use of computing cells with the simplest possible architecture. The architecture of the advanced processor element for construction of the homogeneous computational medium with the improved characteristics in which means of control of computing process in a computing cell, the mechanism of duplication of the channel of input of adjusting information and means of the accelerated change of the operation code is offered. A number of constructive proposals for improving the existing c processor elements and creating a new element base of a homogeneous computational medium are proposed. The mechanisms of testing the matrix of a homogeneous computational medium in order to detect damaged and non-functioning processor elements inside the matrix, the mechanism of rapid change of the operating code of individual processor elements inside the matrix of a homogeneous computational medium are described. The possibility of performing control of the configuration code in the process of writing to the matrix and control of the correctness of operations during the operation of the matrix of a homogeneous computational medium is described. The designed processor element of a homogeneous computational medium further comprises a diagnostic unit, which greatly simplifies the process of testing the matrix to detect inoperable computing cells. The mechanism of increasing the productivity of the computing field and ways to increase the survivability of digital signal processing systems based on a homogeneous computational medium with reconfiguration of the signal processing algorithm taking into account damaged, broken or failed processor elements are described. The matrix of a parallel specialized processor, built on the basis of a homogeneous computational medium, which consists of 720 processor elements, is described. Its functional units and principle of operation are described.
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