Sound Transmission Properties of Composite Layered Structures in the Lower Frequency Range

: 11-32
Received: September 12, 2016
Revised: October 26, 2016
Accepted: December 26, 2016
Lviv Polytechnic National University

This study aims to predict the sound transmission properties of composite layered plates structures in the lower frequency range. In present paper a novel procedure to derive the sound isolation parameters for layered plates is under discussion. This paper presents a new stress analysis method for the accurate determination of the detailed stress distributions in laminated plates subjected to cylindrical bending. Some approximate methods for the stress state predictions for laminated plates are presented here. The theoretical model described here incorporates deformations of each sheet of the lamina, which account for the effects of transverse shear deformation, transverse normal strain-stress and nonlinear variation of displacements with respect to the thickness coordinate.  The main advantage of the present method is that it does not rely on strong assumptions about the model of the plate. Comparison with the Timoshenko beam theory is systematically made for analytical and approximation variants. The geometrical and mechanical parameters dependent frequency response functions and damping are presented for an arbitrary layered beam. The effective stiffness constants of equivalent to lamina Timoshenko beam (TB) and their damping properties have been determined by using a procedure based on multi-level numerical schemes and eigenfrequencies comparison. Numerical evaluations obtained for the vibration of the equivalent TB have been used to determine the sound transmission properties of laminated composite beams with the system of dynamic vibration absorbers (DVA’s). The optimization of beams – DVA’s system sound absorption properties is performed in the low frequency range. The results have shown that the presence of a DVA causes a decrease in the sound transmission in the low-frequency range.  The extension of the present approach to various layered plates with various DVA’s systems will be performed in order to obtain optimal sound insulation.