Odessa State Environmental University
Odessa State Environmental University

One of the main environmental polluters, especially in large cities of Ukraine, is road transport. In particular, road transport is one of the main sources of persistent organic pollutants in the environment. Therefore, monitoring of air pollution by road transport is one of the most relevant questions in Ukraine, especially considering its intentions to join the European Union. Analysis of the regulatory and legislative frameworks of Ukraine shows that, unfortunately, today, there are no regulatory documents that motivate to reduce the load of mobile sources, including road transport, on the environment. Moreover, even though the only methodology for calculating pollutant emissions from mobile sources expired in 2015, no new methodology has been developed yet. This paper calculates the masses of pollutants formed during the combustion of gasoline and diesel fuel, and proves the necessity to take into consideration persistent organic pollutants when assessing the toxicity of exhaust fumes, considering their cumulative effect and half-life. The calculation was performed according to European and national (Ukrainian) methodologies, which are supplemented by the calculation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) formation. Using the relative hazard factor, the relative masses of these substances are calculated, the obtained masses of all components of the exhaust fumes are ranked, the contribution of each component to the toxicity of emissions is revealed. Using emission factors, the specific emissions of these persistent organic pollutants during the combustion of diesel fuel, gasoline, liquefied and compressed gases are calculated. By the results, the types of organic fuels with the highest priority for use by mobile sources are identified.

1. (2022). Kakov raskhod haza otnosytelno benzyna. Dynamyka na haze. Retrieved from

2. Chengyong J. (2021). Road traffic and air pollution: Evidence from a nationwide traffic control during coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Science of The Total Environment, 781, 146618. doi:

3. Deya, S., & Mehtab, N. (2020). Automobile pollution control using catalysis. Resources, Environment and Sustainability, 2, 1–13.  doi:

4. EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook. 2019. Retrieved from

5. Falbo, P. (2020). Optimal switch from a fossil-fueled to an electric vehicle. Retrieved from 

6. Favorit Motors (2022). Benzinovyiy i dizelnyiy dvigatel. Chto luchshe?. Retrieved from

7. Jason, Y. (2021). Commute patterns, residential traffic-related air pollution, and lung cancer risk in the prospective UK Biobank cohort study. Environment International, 156, 106698. doi:

8. Kopytov, V. (2012). Gasification of condensed fuels: a retrospective review, current state of affairs and development prospects. Moscow, Russia: Publishing "Infra-Engineering".

9. Longo, M., Foiadelli, F., & Yaici, W. (2018). Electric Vehicles Integrated with Renewable Energy Sources for Sustainable Mobility. New Trends in Electrical Vehicle Powertrains. 10, 203-223. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.76788

10. Mykhailenko, V., & Safranov, T. (2021). UA Patent No.109858. Ukrainskyi instytut intelektualnoi vlasnosti (Ukrpatent).

11. Self-regulatory organization in the field of energy inspection. Conversion calculator. (2021) Retrieved from

12. State Statistical Service of Ukraine (2015). Pro vyznannia takym, shcho vtratyv chynnist, nakazu Derzhavnoho komitetu statystyky Ukrainy vid 13 lystopada 2008 roku № 452 "Pro zatverdzhennia Metodyky rozrakhunku vykydiv zabrudniuiuchykh rechovyn ta parnykovykh haziv u povitria vid transportnykh zasobiv", order № 60 from 2014 September, 23. Retrieved from

13. Statistical worker of the Odesa region. (2017). Head of the Department of Statistics in the Odesa region. Retrieved from

14. Ukrainian Ministry. (2019). Some Questions of state monitoring in the field of atmospheric air protection. Decree #827 from 14.09.2019, Kiev, Ukraine. Retrieved from

15. UNEP. (2013). Toolkit for Identification and Quantification of Releases of Dioxins, Furans and Other Unintentional POPs. Retrieved from

16. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2008). Pro zatverdzhennia Metodyky rozrakhunku vykydiv zabrudniuiuchykh rechovyn ta parnykovykh haziv u povitria vid transportnykh zasobiv. Retrieved from

17. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2015). Pro vnesennia zmin do Podatkovoho kodeksu Ukrainy ta deiakykh zakonodavchykh aktiv Ukrainy shchodo podatkovoi reformу, 71-VIII from 2015 January, 1. Retrieved from