The Halyna Baluta’s monograph “The Structures of Language” deals with the different aspects of our language. The author explores language from its sacral functions in Antiquity to the powerful discourses in contemporary society. In this reviewed monograph the author argues that language is the medium between a human being and the world. Halyna Baluta’s monograph helps to understand such things as 1) thinking and consciousness are based on language; 2) a thought doesn’t exist without its language form; 3) we realize the state of things with the help of language. A human being associates the inner and the outer worlds gives things their names with the help of language. This monograph is of great importance for philosophy of language and linguistics.