The series of reactive peroxide macroinitiators (RC) based on acryl amide (AcAm), butyl methacrylate (BMA), maleic anhydride (MA) and peroxidic monomer 5-ter-butylperoxy-5-methyl-1-hexene-3-yne (PM), which can be used for biocompatible polymer cross-linking, were synthesized via radical copolymerization in organic solvent.
Cross-linking of epoxy-oligomeric mixtures based on ED-20 industrial epoxy dianic resin and TGM-3 oligoesteracrylate in the presence of fluorine-containing peroxy oligomers has been studied. Oligomers used for the cross-linking have been obtained via chemical modification of peroxy derivative of ED-24 epoxy resin with alcohols-telomers by general formula HOCH2–(CF2–CF2)nH, where n is 3 or 4. The thermal stability of peroxy groups in the initial material, fluorine-containing peroxy oligomers and stability of cross-linked films have been examined using derivatographic methods.
The reaction between novolac phenol-formaldehyde resin and glycidylmethacrylate has been studied in the presence of potassium hydroxide and the synthesis procedure of phenol-formaldehyde resin with unsaturated side bonds has been suggested. The effective rates and activation energy of the mentioned reaction have been calculated. The structure of synthesized resin was confirmed by IR-spectroscopy. The synthesized resin may be used as active component of polymeric blends based on ED-20 industrial epoxy resin, its peroxy derivative (PO) and TGM-3 oligoesteracrylate.
The possibility of epoxy resin carboxy-containing derivative (CDER) obtaining has been studied on the basis of dianic epoxy resin ED-24 and adipic acid (AA). The synthesized CDER contains epoxy and carboxy groups at the same time. Used catalysts were benzyltriethylammonium chloride (BTEACh); 1,4-diazobicyclo[2,2,2]octane; N,N-dimethylaminopyridine; 18-Crown-6, potassium hydroxide, triethylamine and 18-Crown-6+ZnCl2 catalytic system. The effect of the catalyst nature and amount, reagents ratio, process temperature and time on the reaction proceeding between ED-24 and AA has been determined.
Carboxy-containing peroxy oligomer (CPO) has been synthesized via the reaction of peroxy derivative of ED-24 epoxy resin with free peroxy and epoxy groups with adipic acid in the presence of benzyl triethylammonium chloride. The effect of catalyst amount, reaction temperature and process time on the reaction rate has been determined. The effective rate constants and activation energies have been calculated. CPO synthesis procedure has been developed. CPO structure has been confirmed by chemical and IR-spectroscopic analyses.
New oligomer with peroxy, primary and secondary hydroxy groups has been synthesized on the basis of peroxy derivative of ED-24 epoxy resin (PO) and PolyTHF-2000 oligoether according to the developed procedure. The effect of the catalysts nature and amount, temperature and process time on the reaction rate has been studied. Benzyltriethylammonium chloride, potassium hydroxide, 1,4-diazobicyclooctane and the mixture composed of benzyltriethylammonium chloride and KOH (molar ratio 1:1) were used as the catalysts.