Problem statement. Mobile robots have awoken a large interest between scientists and designers in the last few years. One of the prospective drives of such robots is based on pneumatically operated system with no use of electric, heat, magnetic or other types of energy. Purpose. The main purpose of this research consists in substantiation of structure and parameters of pneumatic system of mobile robot with orthogonal walking drive. Methodology. The research is carried out using the basic laws and principles of mechanics, pneumatics and automation. The numerical experiment is conducted in MathCAD software and computer simulation of the robot’s motion is performed using SolidWorks software. Findings (results) and originality (novelty). The improved structure of the mobile robot with orthogonal walking drive is proposed. The pneumatically operated system ensuring the robot’s motion is substantiated. Practical value. The proposed design of walking robot can be used while designing industrial (production) prototypes of mobile robotic systems for performing various activities in the environments that are not suitable for using electric power. Scopes of further investigations. While carrying out further investigations, it is necessary to ensure the possibility of changing motion direction of mobile robot by means of pneumatic drive. In addition, it is expedient to design the devices for changing motion speed of the robot and the height of lifting of its feet.
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