Investigation of structure of nanocomposites on the basis of mixture of polypropylene and modified polyamide with using scanning electronic microscopy.

: 138-144
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Technical University of Kosice (Slovakia)

Mixtures based on polypropylene (PP) and polyamide (PA) are of great importance as structural materials, the mixing of which reduces the negative characteristics of the original polymers. Non-polar PP significantly reduces water absorption of the material during mixing with polar high hydrophilic PA. As a result, the effect of moisture on the mechanical and thermal properties of the composites decreases. On the other hand, mixing PP with PA can extend the temperature range of material exploitation at negative temperatures. However, it is necessary to use the compatibilizers, usually a complex chemical structure, in particular, maleinized PP, to obtain a homogeneous mixture of PP with PA. But in this case the probability of chemical cross-linking of macro molecules increases as a result of the interaction of the anhydrous groups with the peptide.

The authors of the previous investigations proposed a method for obtaining a nanocomposite based on a mixture of PP/PA-6 with increased thermal stability.

The purpose of this study was to make a microscopic analysis of the distribution of a nanocomposite based on PA-6 with MMT, intercalated PVP, in a polypropylene matrix and to investigate the effect of nanocomposite content on the character of distribution.

On the basis of microscopic studies it was established that the distribution of nanocomposite based on PA-6 with MMT, which is intercalated PVP, in the polypropylene matrix is ​​the most homogeneous with the content of modified PA-6 from 15 to 30% by weight. Such composites are characterized by a lamellar structure and a small amount of agglomerates of modified PA-6 with the smallest sizes (from particles of microns to 5 microns), which may indicate a complete stratification of MMT. Agglomerates of larger sizes (from 5 to 20 microns) are dominated in the structure of the composite with a lower content of the modified PA-6, they are distributed unevenly, and their adhesion to the PP is low. An increase in the content of modified PA-6 in the composite above 30% by weight leads to the formation of a heterogeneous structure with a lot of agglomerates of various sizes (from 1 to 15 microns), which negatively affects on the physical and mechanical properties of the material and the thermal stability.

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