nanocomposite

THERMOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITIONS BASED ON POLYAMIDE 6, OBTAINED FROM THE SOLUTION

Thermomechanical studies of polamide 6 compositions, modified with (MPM) montmorillonite-polyvinylpyrrolidone mixture, were performed. Polyamide 6 nanocomposites were obtained by the solution deposition. The influence of nanocomposite production conditions on morphological features of polymer blends were researched. Determination of thermomechanical properties makes it possible to define the optimal content of MPM in polyamide 6 blends.

INVESTIGATION OF INFLUENCE OF CONDITIONS OF OBTAINING PA6/MMT NANOCOMPOSITES ON THEIR THERMAL PROPERTIES

The influence of additional thermal and thermomechanical treatment of PA6/MMT nanocomposites obtained from the formic acid solution on their heat resistance and technological properties was investigated. Thermal analysis established that heating the nanocomposite to a temperature of 250 ºС and treating it on a capillary plastometer IIRT at a temperature of 230 ºС increases the degree of crystallinity and heat resistance of the samples.

Superhigh Adsorption of Cadmium(II) Ions onto Surface Modified Nano Zerovalent Iron Composite (CNS-nZVI): Characterization, Adsorption Kinetics and Isotherm Studies

The efficiency of surface modified nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) composite by cashew nut shell (CNS) was tested for the removal of cadmium ions from the aqueous solutions. 2 g/l CNS-nZVI was efficient for 98% removal. The adsorption capacity was 35.58 mg/g. The Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.9769) and the pseudo-second order adsorption kinetics data fitted well. This proved CNS-nZVI has a high removal efficiency for Cd(II) from aqueous solutions.

Obtaining of nanocomposites based on montmorillonite and polyamide in solution

The method of obtaining nanocomposites based on polyamide-6 and montmorillonite intercalated by polyvinylpyrrolidone by precipitation from a solution in formic acid was developed in the work. The structure and physical interaction between the components of nanocomposites were studied by the methods of XRD, IR spectroscopic, and microscopic analyzes. The presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone in the structure of nanocomposites obtained from the solution was confirmed by IR spectroscopic analysis.

THE PECULIARITIES OF FORMATION OF CROSS-LINKED POLY(2-ETHYL-2-OXAZOLINE) FILMS AND NANOCOMPOSITES ON THEIR BASE

Cross-linked polymeric and nanocomposite films based on poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) and modified mineral nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite and silica have been obtained via radical cross-linking initiated by peroxide containing reactive copolymers. The influence of temperature and additional cross-linking agents on the peculiarities of curing process has been studied. The obtained results reveal that at high temperatures the dependence of film gel-fraction values on time has the extremal character.

The Role of Polyvinylpyrrolidone in the Formation of Nanocomposites Based on a Compatible Polycaproamide and Polypropylene

The interrelation of physico-mechanical and technological characteristics of newly created nanocomposites on the basis of polypropylene (PP)/polyamide (PA-6) mixture with PVP-modified montmorillonite has been investigated. The significant impact of modified polyamide on technological, physical and mechanical properties and heat resistance of polypropylene has been determined. It has been established that the melt flow index of the resulting composites increases by more than 2 times, compared with pure PP.

Investigation of structure of nanocomposites on the basis of mixture of polypropylene and modified polyamide with using scanning electronic microscopy.

Mixtures based on polypropylene (PP) and polyamide (PA) are of great importance as structural materials, the mixing of which reduces the negative characteristics of the original polymers. Non-polar PP significantly reduces water absorption of the material during mixing with polar high hydrophilic PA. As a result, the effect of moisture on the mechanical and thermal properties of the composites decreases. On the other hand, mixing PP with PA can extend the temperature range of material exploitation at negative temperatures.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE OBTAINING METHOD OF MONTMORILLONITE-POLYVINYLPYRROLIDONE MODIFIER FOR THE THERMOPLASTICS

Creation of polymeric nanocomposites based on the polymers of structural designation is a relevant task at present. Of great interest in obtaining the polymeric nanocomposites is montmorillonite, as a nanoscale heterophase.

Modelling of the Plasmonic Properties of Nanocomposite Materials Based on Diamond-Like Carbon Film and Silver Nanoparticles

Optical characteristics of nanocomposite materials have been modeled depends on materials of the nanoparticles and the matrix, the size and shape of nanoparticles. The optical constants of diamond-like carbon films doped with nanoparticles of silver are considered within the framework of the effective theory of Maxwell—Garnett.

Polymers as natural nanocomposites. 1. the reinforcement structural model

The structural treatment of amorphous glassy polycarbonate as natural nanocomposite was proposed. It has been shown that the polycarbonate stiffness is defined completely by the state of its structure, which is described within the frameworks of a local order model. The large reserves of stiffness raising for amorphous glassy polymers are demonstrated.