Foreign experience in land management to ensure the development of a territorial community

Lviv Regional Institute for Public Administration of the National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine

Problem setting. The peculiarities of the foreign experience are considered regarding the land resourses management of the territorial community. The role of the country in ensuring the rational use of land resources of the territorial community is shown. The main guarantees of effective management and rational use of land resources are pointed out. It is proposed on the basis of the analyzed international experience to form a unified national land management system that combines successful foreign experience, which will make it possible to guarantee the socio-economic development of the territorial community.

Recent research and publications analysis. The problems of land resources management in the context of decentralization have been studied by the following scientists as V. Horlachuk, O. Dorosh, I. Drobot, I. Zalutsky, O. Klimenko, V. Kozhurina, R. Taratula and others. The study of foreign experience in land management was carried out by the scientists as O. Bihunenko, T. Zinchuk, N. Krasiuk, O. Suprun, Y. Khvesyk, V. Chuvpylo, O. Shkuropat and others.

Highlighting previously unsettled parts of the general problem. Despite the significant amount of the foreign experience study in land resourses study, it is urgent to develop new grounds for mechanism formation of the efficient land resources management in nowadays conditions of the state power decentralization based on the examined international experience considering the national peculiarities ensuring social-economic development of the territorial communities.

Paper main body. Today, at the stage of land decentralization completion, the issues of land resources management in the territorial community are extremely acute at the national level. The land for the territorial communities is an important resource, which their economic and social development depends on. Efficient and rational use of land has become possible after the expansion of the territorial communities authorities in the field of land management, which in turn made it necessary to ensure the control and supervision function of the country in accordance with the delegated powers of the territorial communities. The issue of rational use of land resourses becomes increasingly important in the system of decentralization. The modern reformation of the land relations in UKraine is due to the solution of the rational land use tasks as the most important resourse of the territorial community.

Three-level system of land resource management is peculiar for the vast majority of the countries: governmental, regional, local (municpal). But at the same time a uniform model of land relations regulation does not exist, each country in this respect is unique. Management in the sphere of land regulation and land transactions in European countries differs depending on the territorial structure and system of public administration. The system of land regulation in the federal countries is much more diverse, since many issues on land use is given to the jurisdiction of individual territories. All countries have special governmental, public or private structures engaged in regulation and management of land resources.

The article examines and analyzes the experience of the old members of the European Union of Germany, Italy, France and new EU members – Poland and Latvia, as well as China, a country where the main form of land ownership is state.

The entire territory of the federal state of Germany is divided into communities. Only territories owned by the state do not belong to the territories of communities, for example, military airfields, highways, and governmental forests. Within the territory of the community, the primacy of planning within land plans belongs exclusively to the community.

An important aspect of the Italy's experience for Ukraine is land for those who are engaged in its processing, assistance from the state in the form of affordable credit and control by the state for effective use through forced leasing, namely the transfer of the right of use to a more efficient user.

French legislation is aimed at preserving the purpose of agricultural land and developing farming. It is forbidden to buy and sell particularly fertile land for non-agricultural use, the owner must not leave agricultural land without cultivation for more than five years, otherwise the land may be transferred to other persons.

The goal of the land reform in Poland was to move to market-based principles of economic development, increase agricultural productivity, and improve the standard of living and social-economic development of rural areas.

The negative experience of Latvia, where agricultural land was in free circulation after independence, should be a warning factor for Ukraine in order to prevent a similar situation from occurring.

The experience of China shows that in order to effectively manage the land resources, which will lead to the social-economic development of the territorial community, it is necessary to provide affordable credit to the farmers and avoid mass land sales.

Conclusions of the research and prospects for further studies. Summarizing, we can conclude that the world integration processes in the sphere of land management have proven to mankind that land is one of the main sources of economic well-being, which needs to be organized for rational use and protection. Land resources management directly influences upon the social-economic development of the territorial communities. The modern state of land resources management requires new approaches aiming to increase management efficiency and ensure rational use.  The foreign experience demonstrates us that from the perspective of national interests and national security there should be control and limitations on the part of the government considering the agreements implementation as to the right to own, use and dispose the land resources.

The international experience makes it possible to point out the principal guarantees of efficient management and rational use of the land resources, in particular:

  • determination of legislation restriction as for the foreigner-buyers;
  • granting preferential right to purchase agricultural land plots to persons who are associated with agricultural activities and have appropriate education, as well as to take into account the availability of production means and required capital;
  • fullness of the state land cadastre and continuous updating of data;
  • establishment of the State Land Bank Institute for long-term lending to the agricultural sector;
  • state control over effective use through compulsory leasing, in particular, transfer of the right of use to a more efficient user.

The promising areas for further research are development of substantive proposals for improving modern land management based on the foreign experience and recommendations for their practical application.

  1. Iasinetska, I. A. (2016). Osoblyvosti ratsionalnoho upravlinnia
  2. zemelnymy resursamy. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho
  3. universytetu, Issue 8 (2), pp. 129 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Kozhurina, V. M. (2018). Normatyvna baza upravlinnia zemelnymy
  5. resursamy v Ukraini: retrospektyvnyi analiz. Teoriia ta praktyka derzhavnoho
  6. upravlinnia, Issue 4 (63), pp. 87-94 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) Assessment.
  8. (2019). Assessment of Public Financial Management Performance. URL :
  10. Zalutskyi, I. R. (2017). Modernizatsiia systemy upravlinnia zemelnymy
  11. resursamy v umovakh detsentralizatsii vlady. Rehionalna ekonomika, Issue 3(85),
  12. pp. 77-87 [in Ukrainian].
  13. Horlachuk, V. V., Klymenko, O. V. (2019). Upravlinnia zemelnymy
  14. resursamy obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromad u konteksti detsentralizatsii.
  15. Ahrosvit, Issue 20, pp. 56-63 [in Ukrainian].
  16. Berezhnytska, H. I. (2019). Spetsyfika hospodarskoho vykorystannia
  17. zemelnykh resursiv silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstv Lvivskoi oblasti.
  18. Sotsialno-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrainy, Issue 2(136),
  19. pp. 54-59 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Zinchuk, T. O., Dankevych, V. Ye. (2016). Yevropeiskyi dosvid
  21. formuvannia rynku silskohospodarskykh zemel. Ekonomika APK, Issue 12,
  22. pp. 84-91 [in Ukrainian].
  23. Khvesyk, Yu. M. (2008). Formuvannia mekhanizmiv instytutsionalnoho
  24. zabezpechennia staloho zemlekorystuvannia: zarubizhnyi dosvid. Ekonomika
  25. pryrodokorystuvannia i okhorony dovkillia, pp. 340-347 [in Ukrainian].
  26. Ibid. pp. 340-347.
  27. Suprun, O. (2019). Svitovyi dosvid zaprovadzhennia rynku zemli ta
  28. yoho adaptatsiia do ukrainskykh realii. Holos Ukrainy. URL :
  29. [in Ukrainian].
  30. Dankevych, V. Ye. (2014). Metodolohichni uroky yevropeiskoho
  31. dosvidu rozvytku zemelnykh bankiv. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Tavriiskoho
  32. derzhavnoho ahrotekhn. universytetu, Issue 4(28), pp. 32-38 [in Ukrainian].
  33. Bihunenko, O. H. (2015). Mizhnarodnyi dosvid upravlinnia zemelnymy
  34. resursamy: mozhlyvosti zastosuvannia v Ukraini. Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho
  35. derzhavnoho universytetu, Issue 15(5), рр. 24-27 [in Ukrainian].
  36. Zemelna reforma starykh krain-chleniv YeS – dosvid Niderlandiv.
  37. (2017). Zahalna kharakterystyka starykh krain-chleniv YeS. URL :
  39. --dosvid-niderlandiv [in Ukrainian].
  40. Dankevych, V. Ye. (2014). Metodolohichni uroky yevropeiskoho
  41. dosvidu... рр. 32-38.
  42. Krasiuk, N. I. (2014). Deiaki pytannia zdiisnennia upravlinnia u sferi
  43. zemelnykh vidnosyn u zarubizhnykh krainakh. Nashe pravo, Issue 9, pp. 131-138
  44. [in Ukrainian].
  45. Suprun, O. (2019). Svitovyi dosvid zaprovadzhennia rynku zemli...
  46. Zemelna reforma novykh krain-chleniv YeS – dosvid Polshchi. (2020).
  47. Stvorennia vilnoho rynku zemli s/h pryznachennia v Ukraini. URL :
  49. -dosvid-polschi [in Ukrainian].
  50. Suprun, O. (2019). Svitovyi dosvid zaprovadzhennia rynku zemli...
  51. Fursenko, I. (2020). Obih silskohospodarskykh zemel – dosvid Latvii ta
  52. piat paralelei dlia Ukrainy. URL :
  53. -dosvid-latviyi-ta-pyat-paraleley-dlya-ukrayini [in Ukrainian].
  54. Land Management Law Latvia. (2014). Riga. URL :
  56. Fursenko, I. (2020). Obih silskohospodarskykh zemel...
  57. By Ai Chi-han Miguel Elosua and Li Shantong Central-local authority
  58. relationships and the institutional process of city creation. (2014). Urba China
  59. Working papers series, № 4. URL :
  61. e_institutional_process_of_city_creation.
  62. Bony, L. D. (2015). Systema hosudarstvennoho upravlenye zemlei dlia
  63. stroytelnykh tselei v Kytae. Opyt Kytaia po vovlechenyiu selskokhoziaistvennykh
  64. zemel pod zastroiku. URL :
  65. ld-sistema-gosudarstvennogo-upravlenie-zemlej-dlya-stroitelnyx-czelej-v-kitae [in
  66. Russian].