Methodological framework for data generation in a GIS environment during agricultural land area management based on the landscape approach

Polissia National University
Zhytomyr National Agroecological University
Polissia National University

This article aims to identify approaches in generating cartographic and attribute information in a GIS environment in order to implement the landscape approach in land management through the example of a land use area formed based on land plots (shares). In so doing, it is important to take into account the topsoil properties and relief features of the area under land management. Research objectives include a wide range of issues: developing methods for organizing agricultural land areas using modern geographic information technology methods; creating a digital cartographic environment for the studied area with separate thematic layers of cartographic information; creating an attribute database featuring a detailed analysis of agroecological soil properties; developing thematic cartographic materials as a basis for agricultural landscape management designs; and drafting land use design plans for the studied area. To accomplish these objectives, soil grouping methods by suitability for agricultural use have been employed. Digitals software functions have been used to bind and convert raster maps into a vector-based format; a professional GIS has been used to create thematic maps and final planning documents, as well as to create an attribute database. The article describes land management methods for agricultural land areas belonging to modern agricultural enterprises in compliance with the requirements of the landscape approach to land use. It outlines the characteristics of the topsoil contouring and structure, in the context of agricultural land with due consideration for its relief. The article presents a detailed analysis of the agroecological state of the topsoil. Soil types are grouped according to their suitability for agricultural use. The article also presents data resulting from the analysis of thematic maps of the area’s slopes, topsoil structure and agricultural land structure of the baseline and projected agricultural landscape. Its scientific novelty consists in developing digital data generation methods based on a comprehensive approach to the use of lands used in modern agricultural enterprises. It is proposed that the suggested approach to agricultural land area management should be implemented within land ownership and land use areas in other regions in Ukraine.

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