Adsorption of BTX and PAHs by Polymeric Resins Packed in a Fixed Bed: Semi-Industrial Evaluation

Carla da Silva, Cintia Barros, Yure Queiros, Luiz Marques, Ana Maria Louvisse and Elizabete Lucas

Polymeric resins were synthesized by suspension polymerization on a pilot scale and packed in an acrylic column for use in a semi-industrial elution system, to study their behavior as adsorbents of oily water. The performance in removing benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) was greater than 95.9 %, and the efficiency in retaining polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) remained near 96.3 %.  

[1] Zhong, J., Sun X. and Wang C.: Sep. Purif. Technol., 2003, 32, 93.
[2] Gu X. and Chiang S.: Sep. Purif. Technol., 1999, 16, 193.
[3] Cardoso C., Filho F., Mahmoudkhani A. et al.: SPE Latin America and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference,
Mexico City, 16-18 April 2012, SPE 15364.
[4]CONAMA Nº 393: Resolucao do conselho nacional do meio ambiente. Brasilia 2007.
[5]Neff J.: Bioaccumulation in Marine Organisms. Effect of Contaminants from Oil Well-Produced Water, Elsevier, Amsterdam 2002.
[6] Raju K., Nasr-El-Din H., Hilab V. et al.: SPE J., 2005, 10, 374.
[7] Al-Abduwani F., Shirzadi A., Broek V. and Currie P.: SPE J., 2005, 10, 138. 
[8] Davis B., Wallace S. and Wilson R.: SPE Proj Fac & Const., 2009, 4, 75.
[9] Hauser B. and Popp P.: J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 909, 3.
[10] Bande R., Prasad B., Mishra I. and Wasewar K.: Chem. Eng. J., 2008, 137, 503.
[11] Zhou Y., Tang X., Hu X. et al.: Sep. Purif. Technol., 2008, 63, 400.
[12] Queiros Y., Clarisse M., Lucas E. and Louvisse A.: Polimeros, 2006, 16, 24.
[13] Clarisse M., Queiros Y., Barbosa C. et al.: Chem. & Chem. Techn., 2012, 6, 145.
[14] Mahabadi H. and Wright D.: Macromol. Symp., 1996, 111, 133.
[15] ASTM D1895-69 – “Apparent density, bulk factor pourability of plastic materials”. DOI: 10.1520/D1895-96R10E01.
[16] Figueredo J.: Catalise Heterogenea, Fundacao Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisboa 1989.
[17] Gregg S.: Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity, Academic Press Inc., New York 1982.
[18] He L., Kear-Padilha L., Lieberman S. and Andrews J.: Technical report 1816, USA Navy, San Diego 2000, 1. 
[19] Dorea H., Bispo J., Aragao al.:. Microchem. J., 2007, 85, 234.
[20] Florez Menendez J., Fernandez Sanchez M., Sanchez Uria J. et al.: Anal. Chim. Acta, 2000, 415, 9. 
[21] Lide D.: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 78th edn., CRC Press, New York 1998.