coumarone-indene resin

Resins with Oxygen-Containing Functional Groups Obtained from Products of Fossil Fuels Processing: A Review of Achievements

To synthesize resins with oxygen-containing functional groups the C9 fractions of hydrocarbon pyrolysis, heavy gasoline, and light coal tar fraction obtained from coal coking liquid products (CCLP) were used.


A narrow coumarone-indene fraction was obtained from liquid coal coking products. Based on this fraction and carbazole's presence, coumarone-indene-carbazole resin (CICR), a new type of kooligomers, was synthesized by ionic polymerization, which is proposed to be used as an adhesive modifier of road oil bitumens. The influence of temperature on the process of CICR synthesis, its quality, and characteristics of bitumen modified by it were studied.


Today there is a problem of rational use of coal coking by-products, which can be partially solved by obtaining a variety of polymeric materials on their basis. The presence of valuable reactive substances (indene, coumarone, styrene, etc.) in this type of raw materials contributes to the solving of the problem. An important aspect is the area of application of the resulting polymers.

Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar. 4. Bitumen-Polymer Blends with Participation of Coumarone-Indene Resins with Epoxy Groups

Using light fraction of coal tar (5.75 wt % of coumarone and 44.45 wt % of indene), glycidyl methacrylate and styrene, the coumarone-indene resin with epoxy groups (CIRE) has been synthesized. Monoperoxy derivative of diglycidyl ether Bisphenol A (PO) was used as an initiator. The possible formation of CIRE has been studied on the model systems consisting of PO, glycidyl methacrylate, indene or coumarone, or styrene, or mixture of mentioned compounds. The synthesized product has been investigated as a polymer additive to bitumen-polymer blends (BPB).

Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar. 3. Coumarone-Indene Resins with Methacrylic Fragments

The method for obtaining coumarone-indene resins with methacrylic fragments (CIRM) was developed with the addition of methyl methacrylate, using a light fraction of coal tar and its fraction boiling within 423–463 К. CIRM was obtained via radical cooligomerization using 2,2'-azobis (2-methyl-propionitrile) as the initiator. The effect of the initiator amount, temperature and reaction time on the yield, softening temperature and molecular weight of CIRM has been established. The structure of the synthesized CIRM has been confirmed by IR and NMR spectroscopy.

Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar. 2. Coumarone-Indene Resins with Epoxy Group

Coumarone-indene resins with epoxy groups (CIRE) have been obtained using light fraction of coal tar or fraction with the distillation range of 423–463 K based on it. Styrene and glycidyl methacrylate were used as modifiers. CIRE were synthesized via radical cooligomerization using monoperoxide derivative of dioxyphenylpropane diglycidyl ether (PO) as an initiator. Thermal stability of PO has been studied. The effect of initiator amount, reaction temperature and time on the yield and softening temperature of CIRE has been determined.

Obtaining of coumarone-indene resins based on light fraction of coal tar 1. coumarone-indene resins with carboxy groups

Coumarone-indene resins (CIR) with carboxy groups were synthesized via cooligomerization of unsaturated compounds presented in light fraction of coal tar and its fraction boiling out within 423–463 K with the addition of such industrial monomers as styrene, maleic anhydride, glycidyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid. 2,2`-Azobis(2-methylpropionitrile) in the form of 0.2 M solution in toluene was used as an initiator. The effect of monomers nature, initiator amount, temperature and reaction time on the yield and characteristics of resulted CIR has been determined.