Research is conducted among all branches of legal sciences. Research and development work is included in the concept of “research”. Research is the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information to answer questions. To qualify this process as research, it must have certain characteristics: it must, as far as possible, be controlled, systematic, valid and verified, empirical and critical. Each industry uses scientific research methods in different quantities and different fields. The role of logic in research is key because it helps to draw sound conclusions.
For the first time, the work of Roman Ingarden "Remarks on Positivistic Logic" is translated into Ukrainian.
Logic is one of the oldest sciences. We talk about it as art of statements and arguments. Anyone who masters this science will be able to effectively achieve their own goals by acquiring new knowledge and producing their own ideas. Ability to critically evaluate opponents statements and respondents arguments will allow them not to succumb to the pressure of commercial media, promises of politicians, etc.
The article discusses the problem of classification of notions (Begriffe) by Christian Wolff, particularly in his “German Logic”. Wolff divides notions – as well as representations (Vorstellungen) in general – into obscure (dunkel, obscura) and clear (klar, clara). The clear notions are divided into distinct (deutlich, distincta) and indistinct (undeutlich, indistincta or confusa).
The article examines the natural and legal motivation of the contradictory nature of the movement. Based on the laws of mechanics, natural law is substantiated and it is proved that it always needs to be verified with natural laws. The above author’s definition presents the metaphysical unity of physics, philosophy, logic and canon law, which contributes to the ontological solution of the problems of contradictory movement in law. The dynamics of world laws of nature have an impact on human anthropology, which would not otherwise be called the microworld.
Jan Łukasiewicz's article "Creativity in Science" is translated into Ukrainian for the first time.
For the first time, the article “Creativity in Science” by Jan Łukasiewicz, a well-known representative of the Lviv-Warsaw School, logician and methodologist of science, was translated into Ukrainian. A well-known logician refutes the thesis that sciences exist only to reproduce facts and establish truths based on them. Sciences exist to meet the intellectual needs of man, which are manifested in his desire to understand. Reasoning is a creative act that includes demonstration, deduction, affirmation and understanding, as well as creation of hypotheses.
The article focuses on one of the elements of legal communication normative culture of
constructing narrative at the level of logic. The genesis of the maturation of theory and philosophy of
logic is taken into account. The basic typical connections of the logic of the legal text with the norms in
the statements of oral written legal discourses ah with the lexical morphological as well as syntactic and
stylistic levels of the legal text are analyzed.
The pressing questions of methodology of cognition of scientific theories are considered. The scientific theories of modern jurisprudence, their structure are investigated. Development of jurisprudental theories is grounded in the general structure of scientific theories. Pay attention to the organization of law as a science. The problem of cost freedom of science, that us will interest different character and touch, is considered. It be comes firmly established that every science uses the tool of logic.
The influence of philosophical-legal ideas of the period of the New Age, the main
tendencies of the development of logic and rhetoric on the formation of the theory of legal
argument is revealed. It is emphasized the decisive influence of rationalism as a new scientific
paradigm on the formation of new approaches in argumentation. The analysis of the
correlation between logic and rhetoric in philosophical knowledge and its influence on the