For the first time, the article “Creativity in Science” by Jan Łukasiewicz, a well-known representative of the Lviv-Warsaw School, logician and methodologist of science, was translated into Ukrainian. A well-known logician refutes the thesis that sciences exist only to reproduce facts and establish truths based on them. Sciences exist to meet the intellectual needs of man, which are manifested in his desire to understand. Reasoning is a creative act that includes demonstration, deduction, affirmation and understanding, as well as creation of hypotheses. Scientific creativity consists in the formulation of constructive judgments, which are combined into certain syntheses, which can be called theories. They become scientific only when there are combined with logical relations of entailment and inference.
- Łukasiewicz, J. (2013). Pamiętnik. Warszawa: Semper.
- Łukasiewicz, J. (1912). O twórczości w nauce. Księga pamiątkowa ku uczczeniu 250-tej rocznicy założenia Uniwersytetu Lwowskiego przez króla Jana Kazimierza r. 1661, T. 1., 1-15. Отримано з http://pbc.biaman.pl/dlibra/publication?id=414 2&from=&dirids=1&tab=1&lp=1&QI=F3545C92182ABD5E7F891740CF9B0F33-7