The paper evaluates the potential impact of internal biogenic pollutants (phosphorus) on the trophic state of the deep, stratified Lake Swiete in Obra, Poland (area 23.3 ha, depth 15.3 m). The amount of phosphorus in interstitial water was analyzed on the basis of spatial studies of 10 cm of surface sediments of bottom sediments. It has been shown that the release of loading accumulated in the water can worsen the trophic state of the lake.
This work reviews the main methods of nitrogen and phosphorus removal from wastewater. The method of simultaneous removal of highly concentrated nitrogen and phosphorus was analyzed by physical and chemical precipitation, forming struvite, a by-product of magnesium ammonium orthophosphate hexahydrate. Laboratory investigations were conducted on the test solutions with the concentrations of ammonium nitrogen, phosphates, ions of magnesium and calcium corresponding to the ones of relevant elements in wastewater of swine complexes located in Lviv region, Ukraine.
The results of experimental studies of phosphorus removal by chemical and biological methods are provided. The optimum conditions of these processes are made. Наведено результати експериментальних досліджень вилучення сполук фосфору хімічними та біологічними методами. Встановлено оптимальні умови ведення цих процесів.