temperature

DEPENDENCE OF NEURAL NETWORKS TEMPERATURE PREDICTION ERROR ON MEASUREMENT ERROR

The  current  article  describes  the  results  of  the  study  of  the  neural  networks  temperature  prediction  error dependence  on  measurement  errors,  which  are  random,  nonlinear  and  multiplicative  errors.  It  is  noted  applicability  of  the architecture of neural network for temperature prediction. The formula of temperature step response for ideal sensor is given. 

STUDY OF THE TEMPERATURE FIELDS IN THERMOTRANSDUCER’S CASE

The choice of ways of obtaining information about the temperature of the surface layers of a moving object is the crucial in determining  the  type of  temperature transducers. This choice depends on  the  row of specific  factors:  the speed of movement of the measured object relative the object, the state of the surface, the presence of related agents in near-surface layers, the presence of disturbing factors - noise, vibration, etc. The major factor seems to be the value of the heat carried out from the diagnosed object with the help of intermediate substance. 

DEVELOPMENT OF OUTFIT FOR MEASUREMENT OF THE MELT METAL TEMPERATURE IN OPTICAL WAY

Two main methods of contact measurement of steel temperature are applied in industry: with help of disposable  and multiple  used  thermotransducers.  Reusable  ones  are  fixed  to  the  bottom  of  the  graphite  tip  fixed directly on the reinforcement. Then they are able to measure the temperature of the graphite surface. Since it needs to even the graphite temperature and the temperature of the melt metal, the measuring takes some extra time. Therefore the  thermotransducer  is mounted  in  the metal  for a  long  time.

WATER AND AIR FLOWS TEMPERATURE PREDICTION USING NEURAL NETWORK

Current article considers the results of the study of air and water flow temperature prediction error on the number of  inputs  in  neural  network.  Authors  guide  the  architecture  of  neural  network  for  temperature  prediction.  The  formula  of temperature step  response  for  real sensor  is given. Also,  the method  for  calculating  the  time  constants  for  the  temperature step response formula using real measurement data is considered.

METROLOGICAL RELIABILITY OF THERMOELECRIC NANOSENSOR OF QUANTUM TEMPERATURE STANDARD

While studying the physical foundations of the temperature standard, we obtained a quantum unit of temperature as the value of the temperature jump when one electron-phonon scattering per unit time. We expressed it in terms of the ratio of fundamental physical constants h/kB; it is equal to 3.199 493 42 ∙ 10-11 K with a relative standard uncertainty of 59.2 ∙ 10-8. The investigated quantum standard is recommended for use as an "intrinsic standard", which does not require continuously repeated measurements (to check its accuracy) in relation to the current unit of temperature.

PROCESSES OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER IN GAS AND HEAT PROTECTIVE SUIT WITH ICE-WATER COLD-STORAGE ACCUMULATORS

The article dwells on the mathematical model of heat and mass transfer processes in „environment-protective clothing-human” system which takes into account simultaneous penetration of ambient heat and toxic chemicals in the multi-layer membrane of garments with air gap. On the basis of this model, the parameters of a gas and heat protective suit are reasonably defined.

Analytical review of the temperature fixed points

Standards of physical quantities are used for reproduction and storage of physical units as well as for transfer its size by appropriate measuring instrument. The temperature is an intense value and is determined only indirectly depending on certain physical quantities of temperature, for example, resistance, thermoelectric power and so on. This situation has led to the fact that there are several temperature scales, each of which has its unit of temperature measure.

Improvement of two-conductor thermoresistive converters with commutative inverting of sample currents

The improved method of compensation the influence of the lead wire resistance for two-wire resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) on the basis of commutation inverting of the reference measuring currents is proposed. For the averaging of signals generated as a result of commutation inverting of reference measuring currents, predominantly low-pass filters are used. Their usage limits the speed of temperature measurement.

Low velocity zones in the Earth crust and them petrophysical features

As low velocity zones result from temperature destruction of rocks uncompensated by pressure at 5-20 km depths, changes in T at these depths can lead to change in intensity of the thickness of these zones and rate of decrease in Vp within them. Crustal thermobaric zones are shown to increase, decrease and disappear depending on ∂T/∂Н, ∂Р/∂Н, λ, Т. Instability of the crustal thermobaric zones of low velocity result in their episodic occurrence in the crust and their vertical and horizontal migration depending on temperature fluctuations in the crust.

Система контролю температури та вологості на базі PSOC з використанням наноструктурованих давачів

Спроектовано спеціалізовану систему з мікропроцесорним обробленням сигналу на базі перепрограмованої системи на кристалі PSoC для контролю таких параметрів середовища, як температура та відносна вологість з використанням розроблених наноструктурованих давачів. Розроблено базу даних для реєстрації, зберігання та аналізу параметрів стану довкілля.