Doctrine approaches to the disclousure of the concept of “Legal regulation”

Mykhailo Kelman, Rostislav Kelman. Doctrine approaches to the disclousure of the concept of “Legal regulation”.

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and innovative education National University “Lviv Polytechnic“, Master student

Abstract. The establishment and maintenance of social order is an unconditional asset of civilization, an indicator of the civilized development of society. One of the valuable manifestations of the characteristic signs of the effectiveness of law in society is the appropriate legal order, which is achieved by means of influence, regulation, and provision. However, there is no doubt about the thesis that the valuable manifestation of regulation is a sign of stable social development. The regulation is considered and characterized in the context of consideration of its effective action as a regulator of social relations. The existing system of social relations in society is constantly in need of legal influence. The forms and methods of this influence change depending on social needs. The directions of activity of the subjects of relations are one of the main social properties of state power. They are implemented in a special regulatory form that organizes the relationship between the ruling and the ruled, ensuring the necessary order in various social relationships. One of the types of state power influence in its broadest sense is the legal regulation of social relations, which is an important component of the state's activity and, in particular, its law-making and law-enforcing bodies.

​By using a phenomenological approach, the understanding of the concept of "regulation" has been clarified, since it is scientific definitions that determine the outlook aspect of legal science, provide an opportunity to better understand various aspects of objects, processes and phenomena of legal reality, they must be clear, constructive and do not necessarily contain all the signs , which are characteristic of concepts.

​The main doctrinal definitions that have one or another relation to the disclosure of the concept of "regulation" are characterized. First of all, we decided on such concepts as legal regulation, self-regulation, normative regulation, individual regulation. A thorough scientific analysis of these categories provided an opportunity to consider them at a newer theoretical and methodological level, which contributed to determining their place in the system of other scientific categories. In the modern period, this problem acquires practical importance, since the effectiveness of those processes that take place at the social and state level also depends on its awareness.

​The concept of "regulation" (from the Latin regulo - rule) is well-grounded and means ordering, adjusting, bringing something into line with something. To regulate is to determine the behavior of people and their collectives, to direct its functioning and development, to give it certain limits, to order it purposefully. The term "to regulate" means to set limits, the scale of people's behavior, to introduce stability, system, order into social relations and thus direct them in a certain direction.

​It is noted that the term "regulation" refers only to law as a system of norms and some other specific legal phenomena (legal relations, acts of implementation of legal norms). They do not agree with the existing understanding of the regulation of social relations as a rigid and authoritative regulation of them by the state, by law, since, in their opinion, the category of "regulation" is not the same as coercion, a rigid and authoritative prescription. The rule of law establishes only a model of relations in which public interests must be correlated with the interests of members of society, along with this, the law widely uses such means of influencing people's behavior as stimulation, encouragement, granting of rights, etc.

​It was found that the process of learning about the category "regulation" occurs as a process of awareness, crystallization of its essence. An important aspect in forming an understanding of the essence of regulation is the traditions of a certain state, as well as scientific and theoretical traditions that establish the limits of legal awareness of the subject of analysis. When studying the essence of the regulation process, the traditions of this state are taken into account and already existing knowledge about the subject of research is used.

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