: 51-57
Lviv polytechnic national university, Department of Architecture and Conservation

The problem of method in architecture, as a subject of research, always appears as a result of the development of artistic life and new aesthetic needs. Each new stage of artistic development reveals the insufficiency of the previous one not because it has become irrational, but because it no longer corresponds to new ideas about social relations and the nature of the human activity. Therefore, the theoretical development of the question is closely related to certain time cross-sections in the evolution of architecture, the consideration of which allows us to build a complete retrospective picture of the development of ideas about the method.

The concept of the creative method is very broad and multifaceted. This is not only a set of certain geometric proportions and compositional techniques that are systematically repeated. The creative method is the result of an original cognitive ability to solve tasks using our intellectual search, which is aimed at developing a unique product.

For the first time, the concept of an artistic method was formed in the 20–30s of the XIX century. The creative method in architecture and art is defined as a system of principles that control the process of creating a work of art. Artistic methods are designed to reflect the development of reality itself and the development of public consciousness in a specific way – in an aesthetic form. The complexity of the aesthetic characterization of methods lies in the fact that most often their features are considered from the cognitive side outside of the artistic and aesthetic features of art. However, it is from the period of formation of artistic methods that the artist's aesthetic attitude to the world is established. The method is a synthesis of the artist's worldview and the originality of his artistic thinking.

The main components of the creative method are: the environment, which is a constant in the creative method of the architect, socio-economic conditions, ideology and worldview of society in a certain historical era, personal characteristics of the architect, culture of project thinking, theoretical foundations of the designer, practical activity of the architect.

It is established that the creative method is formed by a) a set of principles of ideological and artistic knowledge and imaginative reproduction of the world; b) a creative approach to solving the set of architectural problems; c) the results of creative activity that is expressive and unique; d) the natural repeatability of architectural techniques that become the architectural rules of the architect; e) a set of certain geometric proportions, compositional techniques and planning features; f) the creation of an architectural object taking into account the influence of the social and cultural development of the architect; g) overcoming the usual techniques and traditions; h) creating own rules.

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