The article formed the project bases of Ukrainian transport infrastructure. The critical overview of present and promising projects on the development of major Ukrainian transport industry sectors are provided. In particular, it detects the problems inherent in automobile, railway, shipping and aviation industry sectors, as well as in road and transport system in general. The role of international financial institutions such as EBRD and IBRD in funding various infrastructural projects is outlined and their detailed characteristics are provided. Among the priorities of road and transport system development, the establishment of international transport routes and transport-warehouse complexes, designed for the purpose of processing containerized, piggyback and other types of freight, are highlighted.