The sintering regularities of the developed majolica masses compositions on the basis of typicalmass MKL-1 and MK-4K with the addition of broken glass and ceramic bricks wereinvestigated. Theinfluence of these sintering processes additives of the studied mass compositions depending on theircontent and firing temperature is established. A new method of decorating ceramics at the stage of its plastic state was developed. The obtained results will be used to improve the technological processesof obtaining decorative and applied ceramics.
The influence of talc filler, its content, as well as an additional heat treatment and temperature on the regularities of polylactide materials water-absorption has been researched. Based on the obtained data, the water diffusion coefficient in polylactide materials and the activation energy of the diffusion process were determined. It was found that the process of water absorption by the filled and heat-treated materials based on polylactide proceeds slower and requires more activation energy of the process.
The influence of the filler - talc, its content, additional heat treatment and temperature on the physical-mechanical and thermophysical properties of polylactide materials, in particular on the surface hardness, heat resistance according to Vick and thermomechanical characteristics has been studied. The influence of filler and temperature on the resistance of polylactide materials to the action of the aqueous medium is revealed. The diffusion coefficient of water in polylactide materials and the activation energy of the diffusion process were determined.
The results of the study of water absorption, compressive strength and bending strength, wetting angle of ceramic and cement-sand materials, impregnated with the production of SDP “Kremniypolimer” and developed mixtures of water-soluble liquids are presented in the article. The main hydrophobic materials produced by ZDP “KremnoiPolimer” for obtaining waterproofing liquids are 136-157 M; ETS-32; AKOR-B100. On the basis of GKZH-11N and GKZH-11K experimental waterproofing fluids No. 1 K, No. 2 K, No. 1 H and No. 2 Н were developed.
The influence of the polymeric modifier – poly(vinyl chloride) on the chemical stability of polyester composites was investigated. From the results of the research, it is found that equilibrium water absorption for polyester composites is established within 7-14 days. Water absorption of unmodified polyester material is about 1,5%.
The current article is focused at the physical and technical properties of ceramic bricks. It was established that the decisive factors in the process of interaction of ceramic bricks with water, water solutions and water vapor is the composition of pore structure and energy state of its surface. It is substantiated and defined the component composition and technological regime of the protective coating formation on the surface of ceramic bricks. The technological properties of the initial composition and physico-mechanical properties of coatings based on them are established.
The article describes the effects of surface treatment of concrete protective coatings filled of polimetylfynilsyloksan based on its corrosion resistance. The influence of the coating on the adhesive strength, hydrophobicity and water absorption of concrete. The possibility of using the developed formulations of protective coatings to improve durability of concrete is showed, which is operated under conditions of external aggressive factors.
The thesis is devoted to the development of theoretical bases of the corrosion resistance of concrete by protective coatings on the base of polymethylphenylsiloxane filled with aluminum and zinc oxides. The technological properties of protective coatings compositions were investigated by methods of physical and chemical analysis, methods of the concrete surface coating and form conditions were shown. Determined that the forming matric-oxide structure covering in the process of hardening passpasses behind counting polymerization polymethylphenylsiloxane.
In the article there are substantiated and determine the optimal composition of protective covering by the mathematical planning method with taking into account the influence of protective covering on water absorption, adhesive strength and frost resistance. It is constituted technologic regime of marking and hardening protective covering on the ceramic matrix surface. It is determined the depth of protective covering penetration and its role in the adhesive contact formation during hardening process and its dependence from ceramic matrix structure.
New polymer composites on the basis of epoxy resin and different fine dispersed mineral powders (andesite, bentonite, diatomite, liquid glass and quartz sand) were obtained and their mechanical (ultimate strength), thermal (temperature dependence of the softening) and water absorption properties were investigated. It was established that all properties of these materials were essentially improved, when the same fillers modified by tetraetoxysilane (TEOS) were used.