The influence of degree of loading and load placing on steerability of vehicles

: 60-74
Received: March 03, 2021
Accepted: April 03, 2021
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The methodology of research of the influence of the degree of loading, kinematic parameters of movement, and nonlinear power characteristics of elastic elements and shock-absorbers of the suspension system on their steerability on curved sections of the road is developed. The research is based on the equation of kinetostatics of the system of sprung-unsprung part and differential equations that relate the motion of the sprung part of vehicles. Concerning the last, they take into account both loading of a vehicle and nonlinear-elastic characteristics of shock-absorbers. For the case when elastic characteristics of shock-absorbers are described by degree or close to it dependence, the fluctuation of sprung part is described analytically. Their peculiarity is that the frequency and therefore dynamic force of wheels pressure on the bearing surface (road) depends on the amplitude. It is the last value and characteristics of the road surface that determine the main parameters of steerability and stability of the movement of wheeled vehicles along curved sections of the road. Taken together, the mentioned above allowed to obtain the dependence of the critical value of the dynamic angle of rotation of the steered wheels, as a function of the amplitude of longitudinal-angular oscillations, kinematic motion parameters, and the level of loading of a vehicle. It is established:

-        fluctuation of the sprung part significantly reduce the value of the limiting angle of rotation of the steered wheels along the curved sections of the road;

-        for the period of acceleration of the vehicle and the closer location of the center of gravity of the cargo transported to the tailgate, the limit value of the dynamic angle of rotation of the steered wheels is less;

-        the suspension system with the progressive law of change of regenerative force of elastic shock-absorbers in a wider range of change fluctuations amplitude of the suspended part satisfies ergonomic conditions of transportation.

The obtained calculated dependencies can simultaneously be basic during the modernization of existing or the creation of new suspension systems in order to improve the main operation characteristics of wheeled vehicles.

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