Problems of combating domestic violence are considered. It is noted that the Law of Ukraine "On Prevention and Counteraction to Domestic Violence" establishes a comprehensive approach to combating domestic violence. According to the law, the list of specially authorized bodies in the field of prevention and counteraction to domestic violence is exhaustive.
The issue of the criminal-legal aspect of domestic violence is considered. It was noted that in many countries, for a long time, violence in the family was not considered a crime, but was considered a form of appropriate behavior. In the 90s of the last century, views on the phenomenon of violence against women, which was recognized as a socio-gender problem, changed radically, during which a new vision of it was opened in terms of gender law. Therefore, the issue of gender balance and combating discrimination based on sex has gained wide popularity in all developed countries of the world.
The article analyses the issue of the object of the criminal offense under Art. 126-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. It identifies different approaches to the definition of the main direct object of domestic violence, their advantages, and disadvantages. According to the sanctions imposed by the legislator, the criminal offense of domestic violence due to the degree of severity is a non-serious crime.
The article is devoted to the analysis of criminal liability for domestic violence. According to Article 126-1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, domestic violence is defined as intentional systematic commission of physical, psychological or economic violence against a spouse or ex-spouse or another person with whom the perpetrator is (was) in a family or close relationship, leading to physical or psychological suffering, disorders health, disability, emotional dependence or deterioration of the victim’s quality of life.
The article is devoted to the study of domestic violence issues from the criminal and
criminological point of view. It is noted that nowadays there is a need for a systematic analysis
of the sphere of family and household relations, since new criminologically significant factors
have emerged in this sphere, as well as those factors that have previously acted intensified,
which affected the quantitative and qualitative features of family-domestic relations. Provides
that the amendments to the Criminal code of Ukraine and the introduction of thus criminal
Protection of rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of a person and a citizen, its inviolability is enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine. Observance and security of the inviolability of a person, as well as protection from physical, psychological violations, compliance with proper material conditions, is provided by the Law of Ukraine “On Prevention and Combating of Domestic Violence”, as well as the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses (Article 173-2) and other regulations.
Considered legal and philosophical interpretation of the legal status of domestic violence prevention, researched existing classification of domestic violence prevention. A proposal on improvement of these bodies.