Synthesis of Antibacterially ActiveSilver Nanoparticles by Galvanic Replacement on Magnesium in Solutions of Sodium Polyacrylate in an Ultrasound
“Green” synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by a galvanic replacement (GR) on magnesium in solutions of sodium polyacrylate (NaPA) under ultrasound (42 kHz) is reported. The mechanism of combined action of GR and ultrasound on the formation of nanoparticles is proposed. Synthesized solutions of AgNPs are characterized by an absorption maximum at 410 nm, the value of which does not depend on the concentrations of precursors (AgNO3 and NaPA) and the duration of the process. The dimensions of nanoparticles that have a spherical shape do not exceed 30 nm.