The article is devoted to the analysis of the genesis of the principle of equality in law and philosophical and legal ideas. It was established that the researched category was born in the period of Antiquity and is developing until now. Equality means the same position of people in society. This category has an axiological character and was formed evolutionarily, together with the development of the concepts of the state and law.
Human freedom has been evolving over the centuries, so it is quite ambiguous and does not stand still, and is still a topical issue for many scientists. There are many different divisions and definitions of freedom, and each is somewhat interesting and relevant. But freedom is the value of man, which is given to him by God and through which man can act of his own free will, without succumbing to circumstances. The value of rights and freedoms is currently a very relevant topic, as most of our rights and freedoms are limited due to certain material and spiritual values.
It has been found that the problem of the aesthetic culture of a lawyer as a manifestation of spirituality belongs to those humanitarian problems that are called "eternal". It is especially relevant in dramatic periods of human history, one of which is now, in particular, experienced in Ukraine, when fundamentally new life phenomena and circumstances adjust the ways and means of life choice and social self-determination of individuals.
Abstract. The article analyzes the concept of lawmaking as a complex set of various elements (implementation of state will and legal norms; state sanctioning of human behavior; direct formation of new norms by competent law-making bodies). It is noted that modern understanding of lawmaking is based on the ideas of identity can be divided into three areas: natural law, positive law, legal and sociological.
The article examines the natural and legal motivation of the contradictory nature of the movement. Based on the laws of mechanics, natural law is substantiated and it is proved that it always needs to be verified with natural laws. The above author’s definition presents the metaphysical unity of physics, philosophy, logic and canon law, which contributes to the ontological solution of the problems of contradictory movement in law. The dynamics of world laws of nature have an impact on human anthropology, which would not otherwise be called the microworld.
The article examines the natural and legal justification of time, as well as the temporal justification of natural law, which is reflected in the author's definitions. It is argued that time contributes to the acquisition of natural and supernatural values, and human problems can be solved by ontologically formed natural law, which governs it. In the religious concept of time, natural law had a sacred character and the understanding of time dictated the formation of natural law.
The special features of the integrative aspect of ethical standards and human freedom in law are revealed due to the fact that harmony in law is manifested through the principle of coordination of actions between different elements and structural subdivisions forming the social system, which enables to acquire ethical knowledge of ethical principles and standards from ethical codes that are sources of information about public values. Freedom is emphasized as an intrinsic emotional quality of a person.
The peculiarity of the essential characteristics of a person in the natural and legal environment is revealed. It consists in the possibility of a person's choice of one or another type of his / her own behavior, as well as problems of self-appraisal, system of values, valuable orientations and freedom of man.
The article examines the ontological primacy of space in the natural creation of the world. It is emphasized that space has occupied a leading place in the creation of the world. Together with space, the necessary natural laws were created. The author defines the space in the natural creation of the world. Man must learn to define his space, his place in the universe, in order to navigate life's problems. After all, all our lives are not homogeneous, not the same, which depends on our own movement in space due to the manifestation of his over-manifested will.
The article examines the exit of natural law beyond materiality in order to increase the degree of spirituality. The definition of material virology is given, the relation between natural law and natural law is drawn. The pernicious influence of the postmodern narrative on the development of natural law and the raising of the need for non-ontological material relations are indicated.