Problems of the institute of advocacy in the criminal process and its overcoming

2020;
: 257-265
Authors:
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

In civilized democracies, the bar is an integral factor of the legal system and the main non-state institution for the protection of the individual, his rights and freedoms. In modern conditions, when the issue of effective reform of the legal system of the state, its approximation to European standards - the standards of countries with better legal awareness and legal culture, there are problematic issues of formation and development of legal aid as a guarantee of law and order in civil society in Ukraine. Adequate legal protection in the criminal process plays a leading role, as it is an extremely important and mandatory element of state and social development, is the basis for the formation of a democratic state governed by the rule of law and civil society. Building the rule of law is impossible without adhering to the guarantees of human rights protection, without providing a clear mechanism for the functioning of such a specific democratic institution as the bar. Advocacy is an extremely important tool of democracy, because in essence it is an organization of professional lawyers and performs such a public function as the protection of fundamental human rights. The protection of human rights is the main purpose of the bar. Based on the analysis of normative legal acts, the article considers the problematic issues that, in our opinion, are facing the Ukrainian Bar today, and possible ways to overcome these contradictions.

1. Konstytutsiya Ukrayiny:Ukrayiny(1966) [Elektronnyy resurs]: Zakon Ukrayiny vid 28.06.1996 254k/96-VR//Verkhovna Rada Ukrayiny //−Rezhym dostupu: http://zakon2.rada.gov.uaLaws/show/254k/96-vr [The Constitution of Ukraine [Electronic resource]: Law of Ukraine dated June 28, 1996 No. 254к / 96-ВР // The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine]. 2. Varfolomyeyeva T. V.(2010) Reforma advokatury – zaporuka nezalezhnoho zakhystu prav i svobod lyudyny / T.V. Varfolomyeyeva // Visnyk akademiyi advokatury Ukrayiny[Varfolomeeva TV (2010) Advocacy reform - a guarantee of independent protection of human rights and freedoms / TV Varfolomeeva. Varfolomeeva // Bulletin of the Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine.] – #vol. 19– p. 12−19. 3. Mizhnarodni standarty z protydiyi vidmyvannyu koshtiv ta finansuvannyu teroryzmu i rozpovsyudzhennyu zbroyi masovoho znyshchennya(2012) [Elektronnyy resurs]: rekomendatsiyi FATF, z. p. z. 16 lyut. 2012 r. // Derzhavna sluzhba finansovoho monitorynhu Ukrayiny:[International standards for combating money laundering and terrorist financing and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (2012) [Electronic resource]: FATF recommendations, p. p. z. Feb 16 2012 // State Financial Monitoring Service of Ukraine:] ofits. veb-sayt. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.sdfm.gov.ua/content/file/site_docs/2012/22.03.2012/1.pdf. 4.Hudyma D. (2013) Chy lyshe advokaty mozhut' maty dostup do zdiysnennya zakhystu ta predstavnytstva u sudakh? / D. Hudyma // Yuryd. visn. Ukrayiny [Hudyma D. (2013) Can only lawyers have access to defense and representation in court? / D. Gudima // Jurid. spring Of Ukraine.] – #vol. 26. – p. 12. 5. Kukhnyuk D. Samoupravlenye UB. yurlytso s obyazatel'nыm chlenstvom / D. Kukhnyuk. – Yurydycheskaya praktyka. [Kukhnyuk D. Self-government of UB. legal entity with mandatory membership / D. Kukhnyuk. - Legal practice.] – # vol. 26(548). [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.pravo.ua. 6. Litvinskij D. V. Francuzskaja granica advokatskoj monopolii [Jelektronnyj resurs] / D. V. Litvinskij // Pravo.ru: spravoch. prav. sistema [Litvinsky DV French border of the lawyer's monopoly [Electronic resource] / DV Litvinsky // Pravo.ru: spravoch. right. system]– Rezhym dostupa: http://pravo.ru/review/view/42278/. 7. Boyko O. (2016) «Advokat•s'ka monopoliya» sudovoyi reformy: dumka pravozakhysnyka / O. Boyko // Novynarnya: ukrayins'kyy n'yuz-rum. – 9 chervnya 2016 r[Elektronnyy resurs][Boyko O. (2016) "Lawyer's monopoly" of judicial reform: the opinion of a human rights activist / O. Boyko // News: Ukrainian newsroom. - June 9 [Electronic resource].]– Rezhym dostupu: http://novynarnia. com/2016/06/09/advokatska-monopoliya-sudovoyireformi - dumka-pravozahisnika/. 8. Minimal'nye standartnye pravila obrashhenija s zakljuchjonnymi: OON [Jelektronnyj resurs]:[Minimum standard rules for the treatment of prisoners: UN [Electronic resource]:]– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/prison.shtml. 9. Orhanizatsiya sudovykh ta pravookhoronnykh orhaniv : pidruchnyk (2014)/ I. Ye. Marochkin, L. M. Moskvych, M. P. Karkach ta in.; za red. I. Ye. Marochkina [Organization of judicial and law enforcement agencies: textbook (2014) / IE Marochkin, LM Moskvich, MP Karkach, etc .; for order. IE Marochkin.] – Kh.: Pravo, – 448 p. 10. Kryminal'no-protsesual'nyy kodeks Ukrayiny[Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine] – Rezhym dostupu: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-17.

Nesimko O. "Problems of the institute of advocacy in the criminal process and its overcoming" http://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/volume-7-number-428-2020/problems-institute-advocacy-criminal-process-and