Oxidation of tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) to methacrolein (МA) over Fe-Te-Mo-Ox catalyst (Cat), promoted by Ca(NO3)2 has been investigated. Promoter concentration, which was optimal by the МA yield, has been established (Ca/Mo = 0.05). Using catalyst of such type the MA yield was 87.1 % (calculated for supplied TBA) at the temperature of 663 K, process time of 2.5 s and TBA concentration of 7.0 % with concentration of water vapour in the air of 20 %. Under mentioned conditions TBA conversion was 100 %, isobutylene conversion – 95.5 %, selectivity by MA was 87.6 % and by CO2 – 2.4 %.
Goal. The development of conceptual frameworks and proposals to optimize the geometry of Dnister PSPP control GNSS network and to identify ways to improve the accuracy of GNSS measurements. Methodology. To select optimal geometric deployment of new and to clarify the position of existing points of Dnister PSPP control GNSS network it was developed a special methodology of optimizing the geometric configuration of the network. It foresees detecting of points position at which the value of optimization criteria will be minimal.
Based on the experimental studies and mathematical modeling method, we have chosen the optimal conditions of the 2,3-dimetylbuta-1,3-diene and 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate cyclization reaction with obtaining of 2-hydroxyethyl 1,3,4-trimethylcyclohex-3-encarboxylate.
The influence of basic technological parameters of the organosolvent delignification of corn stalks process on the pulps quality has been investigated. The adequate regression equations of the process of obtaining pulps using the method of full factorial experiment have been obtained. The optimal values of technological parameters of organosolvent delignification of corn stalks have been calculated.
The mathematical model has been developed to calculate the content of higher alcohols and esters depending on wort initial concentration and fermentation temperature. The process was optimized in accordance with the developed model. To obtain high-quality beer via high-gravity brewing technology the wort concentration was found to be 14-15 % relative to dry matter and main fermentation temperature of 284–285 K.