The directions of energy and resource saving remain a priority in building science. This is especially concerns to the structural elements of mass production. These elements include large concrete blocks of basement walls (foundation blocks), theirs bearing capacity, even in high-rise building, is used only for 30–50 %. Therefore, starting with the widespread establishment in construction, various ways to improve their constructive forms were proposed to reduce their own weight and optimization. One of the most effective ways is cavity formation.

Means of vending cyber physical system administration module optimization

Features of vending cyber physical systems performance after durable exploitation have been examined. Ready-made means of cyber physical systems scaling have been analyzed. Main advantages and disadvantages of a ready system switchover to a third-party developer’s platform have been defined. Means of large databases optimization have been offered. Analytical data that led to the decision to optimize the existing database have been produced. The elements of vending cyber physical system and possible changes in its structure due to the switchover to different platforms have been covered.

Optimization Studies on Biosynthesis of Citric Acid by One-Factor-at-a-Time

In the presented study, the significant operating variables regarding biosynthesis of citric acid process were assessed and their effects on the process yield were analysed. These variables, namely, initial sucrose concentration, methanol concentration, inoculum density, initial medium pH, spore age, stirrer speed, incubation period, fermentation temperature, particle size distribution, oxygen flow rate, and moisture content have significant influence on bioprocess of citric acid production.

Empirical Model for Optimizing Shea Butter Extraction in an Unbaffled Vessel Equipped with an Impeller

The yield of Shea butter extracted in an unbaffled vessel equipped with an impeller was optimized by varying kneading time, kneading temperature and kneading speed using response surface method (RSM). Helical shaped impeller was mounted on a variable speed Tecmix TM 1100 kneader to knead the Shea paste. Minitab 16.1 software was used for the design and optimization of the process variables. The study indicated that the temperature and speed were highly significant on Shea butter oil yield with p-values of 0.001 and 0.002, respectively.

Optimal control of the electrical mode of an arc furnace on the basis of the three-dimensional vector of phase currents

In the paper, based on the Fokker--Planck--Kolmogorov equation and the statistical control theory, a mathematical model for the operative synthesis of optimal controlling influences for stabilization of the electric mode of an electric arc furnace in a two-contour structure with a high-speed electric circuit for regulating the arc currents is suggested.

Optimization of the structures by the static strength and the frequency characteristics

Problems of determination of optimal geometric and constructive parameters of long-length structures are presented. For example, a longitudinal profile of a complicated section is adopted, its components of the stress state and its own oscillation frequencies are determined. The choice of optimal profile parameters is made for the implementation of structures with minimum equivalent stresses, as well as for ensuring maximum dynamic stiffness.

The Problem of Optimal Tasks Processing in Nodes of the Distributed Information System

The problem of optimal processing tasks in the nodes of a distributed information system on the basis of a mathematical model belonging to a class of two-clustering problems, for which an optimization problem with a fractional linear target function is formulated, was investigated.


The article is devoted to modeling and optimization of the rectification unit for the separation of the propylene-propane mixture.

Propene (often known as propylene) is a very important building block for a large number of chemicals, including the addition polymer, poly(propene).

Design of Optimal Filter for Analog Signal

The technique for designing the optimal value of the filter time constant for analog signal is presented in the paper. This technique is based on the objective function which takes into account the quality index of the filtration process and the dynamic error of the filtered signal. The experimental study of the transient processes in a thermal plant was carried out in order to analyze the influence of the filter parameters on the quality of the filtration process.

Adaptation of discrete macromodels of electric transmission lines to modern computer tools

The paper discusses the methods of creation of mathematical models of electric transmission lines. It is proposed to develop them on the basis of computer simulation data or data obtained by natural experiment using the "black box" approach in the form of state variables. The derived system of discrete equations in the form of state variables equivalent to the system of ordinary differential equations has been adapted to the MATLAB / Simulink software environment by creating the mathematical model using S-Function Block.