In this study, the performance of two polymer resins was evaluated, one composed of methyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene (MMA-DVB) and the other of only divinylbenzene (DVB), for adsorption of oil in synthetic oily wastewater. The tests were carried out using two processes: (i) continuous flow, to assess the quantity of oily water that can be eluted until reaching the saturation point of resins; and (ii) batch, to obtain information about the best-fitting kinetic and isotherm models for the two resins.
The present study aims to describe new low cost activated carbons which were prepared from bean peel (BP), acorn peel (AP) and Pistacia lentiscus (PL) under microwave induced KOH chemical activation for the removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions. Activated carbons were characterized using, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The adsorption properties were examined considering several parameters including the effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage and initial concentration.
The statics and kinetics of albumin adsorption on natural zeolite of clinoptilolite structure have been investigated. The basic characteristics of zeolite have been determined. The method of albumin in a solution analysis was given. An isotherm of albumin adsorption was plotted and the Langmuir equation describing this isotherm was given. The presence of an external and pore diffusion adsorption mechanism has been experimentally established during the study of kinetics in a machine with mechanical stirring.
The effect of concentration and temperature were studied to measure the inhibiting capacity of extract Opuntia ficus-indica by using polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The adsorption of the studied extract on carbon steel surface obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm.
The sorption of Pb2+ ions was conducted in a fixed-bed column by using nano-hydroxyapatite granules. The breakthrough and exhaustion time decreased with increasing flow rate, decreasing bed depth and increasing influent lead concentration. The proposed mechanism is a partial dissolution of calcium followed by the precipitation of an apatite by the ion-exchange mechanism with the formula Ca10−xPbx(PO4)6(OH)2 and Pb10(PO4)6(OH)2.
The adsorption of ammonium ions by natural zeolite and Al2O3 under static conditions has been investigated. The reason for changing the investigated solution pH during adsorption of ammonium ions on Al2O3 has been grounded. A phase diagram of the twocomponent system has been constructed and the composition of the adsorption system in the state of equilibrium has been determined. The thermodynamic calculations of the adsorption system Al2O3–NH4Cl–H2O have been carried out.
The article considers an actual but not sufficiently developed problem of attractiveness for the subjects of entrepreneurial activity of adsorption extraction of Nickel ions (II) by bentonite clays. The basic social and psychological mechanisms for the adoption of environmentally-oriented activities are analyzed. The styles of entrepreneurs’ response to the attractiveness of adsorption extraction of Nickel ions (II) by bentonite clays are characterized. The process of sorption of Nickel ions (II) with a fixed layer of sorbent by bentonite clays is investigated.
The problem of permanent and prolonged pollution of soils by various kinds of pollutants, in particular heavy metals, was analyzed. Experimental investigations of penetration of copper sulfate into a vertical soil profile have been carried out. The adsorption capacity of the sandy environment of copper sulfate
was experimentally determined.
The adsorption of Copper (II) and Chromium (III) from aqueous solution by natural zeolite was investigated in fixed bed column. The effects of selected operating parameters such as flow rate and bed depth were evaluated. The breakthrough data are fitted well to Bed Depth Service Time (BDST) and Thomas models with high correlation coefficient, R2 = 0,91. The results showed that zeolite can be an effective adsorbent for Copper (II) and Chromium (III) removal.
The adsorption method of after-treatment of wastewater from the production of vegetable oils was investigated. The reasons of choice the activated carbon as adsorbent was justified. The statics and the kinetics of the adsorption process by activated carbon the organic component from the wastewater of oil production after extraction cleaning was investigated. The experimental data based on the theory of Freundlich and Langmuir were processed and the main constants of the process were defined.