In this study, MgAl2O4 nanoparticles with different calcination times were synthesized for photocatalytic applications. Different analyses techniques such as XRD, SEM, EDX, UV-visible, and FTIR were performed to investigate the structural, chemical, optical, and mor-phological properties of the synthesized nanoparticles. XRD analysis revealed the formation MgAl2O4 spinel structure.
Polyethylene quality control system is a set of methods and means of control and regulation of components that determine the level of product quality, as well as technical control at all stages of the production process. The first experience of polymerization of polyethylene at the end of the XIX century was received by the scientist Gustavson. For many years, polyethylene was created in small quantities, but in 1938 the process of industrial production was mastered by the British.
The possibility of obtaining metallized granules of high-tonnage polymers using classical metallization technology was studied. It is shown that this technology is not effective during the metallization of polyethylene and polypropylene. Certain positive points during metallization were achieved only in the case of polyvinyl chloride granules.
The geometric dimensions of the copper shell formed by chemical deposition on a spherical polyethylene granule were calculated. It is shown that the main factor determining the thickness of the formed copper layer is the initial size of the polyethylene granule. The processes of destruction of the copper shell formed on the polyethylene granule during thermal expansion of the polymer are considered. The values of the limit temperatures in which the copper shell still retains its integrity depending on its thickness are calculated.
The results of experimental researches of features of mechanical activation of polyethylene granules with finely dispersed zinc in a ball mill, and also results of research of chemical copper plating of activated polyethylene granules are given. The influence of the ratio of polyethylene granules and fine zinc, the speed of rotation of the ball mill and the duration of activation, as well as the degree of loading of the components in the activation process of polyethylene granules was studied.
The results of experimental studies of the peculiarities of metallization of granular polyethylene are presented. The influence of concentration factors on the metallization process of zinc-activated polyethylene granules of brand Liten PL-10 was investigated. It is established that by changing the concentration of copper sulfate and sodium hydroxide, as well as the degree of loading of polymeric raw materials, it is possible to effectively regulate the amount of recovered copper on granules of polyethylene, and therefore the thickness of the metal layer formed on them.
In the food industry and public catering establishments of Ukraine, a sufficiently large amount of oil is left, which was first used during the roasting and cooking of various food, such as vegetables and fish during canning, french fries, pancakes, pies and the like. At high temperatures during contact with the food and moisture contained in it, the processes of thermal decomposition, oxidation, polymerization and so on, the oil accumulates harmful to man substances such as aldehydes, acids, ketenes, polycyclic compounds, etc. In this case, the oil becomes unsuitable for further food use.
The growing pace of Ukrainian polymer pipes market is significantly ahead of other markets for polymer products, which is being explained by the successful competition of their operational properties with pipes made of traditional materials - steel, cast iron, concrete.
Regarding this an important task during the production of water pressure pipes is the obtaining of technological raw materials based on polyethylene with the necessary technological capacity, which will solve the above problems.
In the paper, the X-ray study of cross-linked polyethylene with isopropenyl styrene or acrylonitrile was carried out. It is shown that cross-linking leads to a significant decrease in the area of the exothermic peak, an increase in the resistance of the structured system to thermal oxidation. These data confirm that the increase in resistance to thermal aging of polyethylene cross-linked with acrylonitrile or isopropenyl styrene fraction.