Influence of reaction conditions on the selectivity of the process of epoxidation of oct-1-ene by tert-butyl hydroperoxide in the presence of МоВ

The influence of the reaction conditions on the selectivity of the interaction of oct-1-ene with tert-butyl hydroperoxide in the presence of MoB was investigated. It is shown that the selectivity of 1,2-epoxyoctane formation can vary depending on the reaction conditions.With the participation of the activated form of the catalyst, the selectivity increases significantly, but does not reach 100%. The optimal reaction conditions under which the selectivity of 1,2-epoxyoctane formation exceeds 90% have been established.

DFT Study of Some Copper Complexes and Their Detection Limit

A theoretical investigation was probed to shed light on the correlation between low detection limit (LOD) in AdSV technique and metal trace complexes stability energy. The study was conducted by means of DFT calculations of copper traces complexation by using three different organic molecules as chelating agents, such as: morin, red pyrogallol and thymolphtalexone. The quantum chemistry calculations were carried out at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level implemented in Gaussian 09 program package.

n-Hexane Isomerization Over Nickel-Containing Mordenite Zeolite

Nickel-containing mordenite samples were synthesized by impregnation from aqua's solution of nickel nitrate. Porous and catalytic characteristics of the catalysts were studied by means of low temperature nitrogen adsorption/desorption and micropulse n-hexane isomerisation. The maximum isomer yields are 10-12 wt % for 1-5 wt % Ni content at 523–573 K.

DFT Theoretical Study of Some Thiosemicarbazide Derivatives with Copper

A theoretical study of the detection limit concept of copper traces in aqueous solution by using two thiosemicarbazides derivatives as ligands: 4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazide and thiosemicarbazide has been thoroughly investigated. The study was carried out experimentally by adsorptive stripping voltammetry.

The Reaction of Oleic Acid with a Mixture of Ethanolamines

Regularities of the reaction of oleic acid with a mixture of ethanolamines have been investigated under non-stationary conditions in the presence of H-form of cation-exchange resin KU-2-8 as a catalyst. The effect of a ratio between reagents and the catalyst on the acid conversion, selectivity and products yield has been determined. N-acylation of mono- and diethanolamines by an oleic acid was found to be more intensive compared with esterification of hydroxy groups of ethanolamine.

Properties of Multifunctional Polymers – Carbon Black Composite Vapor Detectors

In this work the electrical properties of vapor detectors, formed from composites of conductive carbon-black and insulating organic multifunctional polymers having metal ions complexing ability, were investigated. The new composites are tailored to produce increased sensitivity toward specific classes of analyte vapors. Resonant frequency shift of a Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) and dc resistance measurements have been also performed simultaneously on polymer-carbon black composite materials.

Masking is the Effective Alternative to the Separation during Osmium Determination by Means of Azo Dyes in Complex Samples

The selectivity of the spectrophotometric methods for determination of microgram quantities of osmium (IV) with acidic monoazo dyes Tropaeolin O (TpO) and Tropaeolin OOO-I (TpOOOI) in the presence of concomitant metals, particularly platinum group, heavy and rare earths (RE) has been studied. The tolerance ratios of interfering elements have been established. The selectivity of the interaction of TpOOOI with osmium (IV) relatively to platinum group elements (PGEs) is much better than TpO.

Selectivity of Formation and Yield of Dicarboxylic Acid Mono- and Diesters under Stationary Conditions

The effect of temperature, catalyst type, alcohol and dicarboxylic structures, as well as reagents ratio on the selectivity of formation and yield of mono- and diesters has been determined under stationary conditions for adipic (AA) and succinic acids (SA) esterification by C2–C5 aliphatic alcohols. It has been proved by the theory and experiments that maximum selectivity of dicarboxylic acids (DCA) monoesters formation during their esterification by alcohols is achieved at the ratio between flow rate constants of monoester and DCA less than 0.1.