The culture and conflicts have always been intertwined throughout the history of humanity. During armed conflicts, deliberate targeting of cultural heritage sites takes place. The aggressor's goal is not only the occupation of lands but also the imposition of a different ideology and the erasure of historical memory. As cultural heritage is a component of cultural identity, it can also be directly attacked for ideological reasons, as we can observe in Ukraine.
The article deals with issues related to the administrative and legal protection of the cultural heritage of Ukraine in modern conditions.
The remains of defensive structures are an important component of the holistic perception of the historical context of many settlements in Ukraine. Local administrations show interest in creating graphic reconstructions of monuments as one of the easiest means of popularizing the historical heritage of the area.
The article reveals the peculiarities of the coverage of the architectural heritage in Ukraine from the historiographical point of view. The theoretical basis of the paper is the work of national and foreign culturologists, urban planners, geourbanists etc. During the twentieth century the thematic sphere of research of the city as a cultural phenomenon has significantly expanded.
The article considers the characteristic features and distinctness of the
artistic design of representative rooms of public buildings in Lviv in second half of 19th
century. Traced the main factors that influenced their formation, both architecturally and
artistically. Highlighted in detail the Viennese historicism and its features in interior
decoration, which is had influenced and reflected to the Lviv’s public buildings. For a more
detailed analysis of the artistic structure, a representative sample was made of key public
The safety of cultural heritage in a cross-border dimension depends significantly on the influence of accounting and analytical factors, as they form the basis for the perception of its objects for their proper preservation and constant monitoring of the state and risks of irreversible changes. This issue is especially important in Polish-Ukrainian cross-border cooperation, where historical realities have led to the destruction and destruction of many cultural heritage sites.
The article clarifies meaning of downtown in the process of forming the historical towns of Ukraine is underestimated. As a result of analysis of the existing settlement structure and the preservation of historical development, it has been determined that the towns need to preserve cultural identity, architectural heritage, local values, traditions and identity of the historic city. Urban building value in the meanwhile is determined by the planning scheme, the importance of the area for the city, the picturesqueity that is revealed in the general panorama of the city.
Subjects of activity of specialities “museology” and “cultural heritage” are analysed. The common and distinctive components of subjects of activity of these branches are revealed and two synonymous formulations of the generalised subject of activity for a speciality “museology and cultural heritage” is proved. Arguments concerning an incorrectness of generalisation of concepts “a museum subject” and “object of a cultural heritage” with terms “cultural property” or “cultural heritage” are presented. The content of concept “Museum object” is proved also.
Authenticity is one of the fundamental elements of cultural heritage, showing or designed to show that cultural heritage is undoubtedly authentic, that it can represent the “true” past, embody “reliable” facts, etc. In the European concept of cultural heritage protection, two opposing paradigms of authenticity are presented: historical matter and historical image.