The main approaches to the analysis of economic growth and economic development are considered and summarized. The necessity of transaction of modern economies functioning on the principles of sustainable development is substantiated.
The social and ecological factors of sustainable development concept, connection of economic growth with social development are studied. The major social and ecological problems of the transition of the national economy of Ukraine on the principles of sustainable development are analysed.
The article proposes approaches and indicators for assessing the effectiveness of state regulation of sustainable development. The indicators of sustainable development of Ukraine according to world ratings are investigated. Forecast of indicators of sustainable development for the next three years is carried out. The influence of each individual indicator on sustainable development of Ukraine is determined.
Problem setting. One of the most pressing issues of the development of the fuel and energy complex of Ukraine, the discussion about which has been going on for many years, is the question of the size, forms and directions of state intervention in the activities of individual industries and sub-sectors of the complex, as well as the assessment of the consequences of this intervention for the economy and society as a whole.
Accelerated population growth, depletion of natural resources, excessive pollution of the environment, which threatens the existence of mankind, was a prerequisite for the emergence of the concept of circular economy and the principles of sustainable development, ie doing business without harm to the environment. The model of circular (circular) economy is aimed at energy saving, regenerative environmentally friendly consumption and production.
At the present stage, there is a problem of ensuring the sustainable development at all levels. The United Nations has declared 17 Global Goals that must be realized by subjects of mega-, macro-, meso- and microlevels, including customs authorities. In the context of European integration, an important task for Ukraine is to increase competitiveness following the example of successful European states. At the same time, the competitiveness of the country is a multifaceted and multidimensional concept that is influenced by numerous environmental factors.
Sustainable development of Stebnyk Mining Industrial Area (MIA) is due to low subsoil use culture, negative impact of mining activities on the environment. Potential danger in the territory of influence of the enterprise is created by underground mine workings which are the centers of formation of karsts, and
also a tailings dam. Therefore, the development and application of phytomelioration technologies of the tailings pond to stabilize the environmental situation is relevant.
Purpose - This article aims to present the results of a comprehensive analysis of the determinants of the socio-economic space of Ukraine in the context of applying to them the concept of regionalization.
The results of the study of the concept of sustainable development and the benefits of implementing this concept in Ukraine based on the experience of the European Union are presented. It is established that the basis for the formation of the basic principles of sustainable development is the relationship of environmental, economic and social factors of human development, the solution of which is possible only on a comprehensive basis, taking into account the balance of interests of nature and society.
With the convergence of national markets of individual countries and the revival of globalization processes, international competition is growing not only among producers of goods and services, but also among regions and countries. There are a significant number of approaches to the analysis and improvement of countries’ competitiveness. Given Ukraine’s European integration pass, we consider the EU countries to be a key benchmark for its development.