New polymer composites on the basis of epoxy resin and different fine dispersed mineral powders (andesite, bentonite, diatomite, liquid glass and quartz sand) were obtained and their mechanical (ultimate strength), thermal (temperature dependence of the softening) and water absorption properties were investigated. It was established that all properties of these materials were essentially improved, when the same fillers modified by tetraetoxysilane (TEOS) were used. It was experimentally shown that composites containing binary fillers – diatomite and andesite at definite ratio – are characterized with so called synergistic effect – the increase in maximal physical or chemical properties. Separately the experimental data on coefficients of reagents diffusion, sorption and penetration, mechanical strengthening, coefficient of heat conductivity and stability to sulfur acid have been investigated. It was shown that exploitation properties of these materials were essentially better in comparison with well known silicate composites. Created materials were characterized by low shrinkage and also low internal stress after hardening. Using the method of mathematical modeling of experiment the optimization of the composition of obtained materials has been performed. Experimental results were explained in terms of structural peculiarities of polymer materials.
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