The increase in motion speed of the trains moving along certain routs changes the operational conditions and interaction of the rolling stock and the track, and requires the solution of important issues related to the specifications of their maintenance, since there occur additional dynamic loads. In this case, the particular attention is paid to the interaction of the rolling stock and the railway track; to the problems of scientific substantiation of the criteria for assessing the dynamic characteristics of carriages; to the motion smoothness, traffic safety and travelling comfort; as well as to improvement of the maintenance specifications of the track and the rolling stock in the process of their operation and on the basis of scientific analysis and determination of top (safe) speeds of the trains motion.
Using the three-dimensional mathematical model of the DPKr-2 Diesel train waggon, its basic dynamic characteristics were determined and analysed: coefficients of vertical and horizontal dynamics, maximum acceleration of the body both in vertical and in horizontal plane. The influence of the amplitude of vertical and horizontal obliques of the railway track on the dynamic characteristics of the Diesel train was investigated. The determination of the basic dynamic characteristics was carried out on the basis of the developed three-dimensional mathematical model of the waggon, which consists of 38 differential equations of the Diesel train motion. The simulation (solving) of the mathematical model was carried out using Maple software. The geometrical periodic equivalent obliques of the left and right rails were adopted as perturbations both in vertical and in horizontal plane. The determination of the basic dynamic characteristics of the DPKr-2 Diesel trane waggon will allow evaluating its vibro-protective properties. The determination of the coefficients of vertical and horizontal dynamics both in central and in axle leaf-spring suspension, of the maximum accelerations of the waggon body in vertical and in horizontal plane will allow carrying out the analysis of vibro-protective properties of the mechanical part of the Diesel train wagon. The obtained results may be used to define the safe interval of the Diesel train motion speeds on the track sections in the presence of vertical and horizontal obliques.
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