criminal proceedings

Problematic issues of appointment of forensic examination in criminal proceedings

In the article on the basis of analysis of normative legal acts considered the problematic issues of appointment of forensic examination in criminal proceedings. The necessity of making appropriate amendments to the Law of Ukraine “On Forensic Expertise” is determined with the aim of bringing its norms in line with the CPC norms regarding the procedure for appointing forensic examinations in criminal proceedings.

Evidence of psychophysiological inspectionsin criminal proceedings: foreign experience and native reality

The article is devoted to the problem of the use of polygraph psychophysiological
examinations in criminal proceedings. On the basis of the analysis of foreign experience of
conducting polygraph psycho-physiological examinations, the conclusion was drawn about the
importance of the experience of a number of states to solve the problem of the probative value
of psycho-physiological checks in criminal proceedings, as well as to improve the current
criminal procedural legislation of Ukraine.

Foreign experience in the organization of forensic expertise in the process of prosecution

The article is devoted to the problem of organization of forensic expert activity in the
process of criminal prosecution and, in general, the problem of improving the whole procedure
for obtaining evidence in the course of criminal proceedings. On the basis of the analysis of
domestic and foreign scientific literature, some issues of the organization of forensic expert
activity in some European states, as well as issues of legal (procedural) status of a judicial
expert are investigated. The conclusion is drawn about the importance of foreign experience in

Features of expert investigation in criminal proceedings

In the article on the basis of the analysis of normative legal acts the peculiarities of
conducting expert research in criminal proceedings are considered. Taking into account the
commonality of the process under expert investigation, which is conducted in a criminal
proceeding on the initiative of the body of pre-trial investigation, it is necessary to understand
the legal expertise.

Satisfaction of criminal transmission and the problem of its legislative security

The article is devoted to the problem of determining the essence of criminal prosecution
as an institution of criminal procedural law. , as well as establishing the ratio of prosecution in
criminal proceedings and prosecution. On the basis of the research of the scientific positions of
certain scholars-processualists on the essence of criminal prosecution as a criminal procedural
category, it was concluded that criminal prosecution is the leading independent function of

Civil responsible in criminal proceedings

The article deals with issues related to elucidation of some aspects of the legal status of a
civil defendant as a participant (subject) of criminal proceedings. The participation of persons
in criminal proceedings requires a clear knowledge of the rights and obligations of each
participant in these relations, since within the framework of this proceeding activity is carried
out which may result in bringing the person to criminal liability that will result in a certain

Рarticipation of the prosecutor in proving circumstances justifying the application of preventive measures

Strengthening the role of prosecutors by the exercise of supervision in the form of pre-trial investigation procedure requires management to study the characteristics exercising their judicial powers on key areas of criminal procedural activities.

Analysis of scientific approaches to the definition of judicial discretion

In the article the question of the definition in the scientific interpretation of the concept of judicial discretion. On the basis of the analysis seems possible to display a single definition of judicial discretion investigating judge in criminal proceedings, given the peculiarity of his judicial authority in criminal proceedings for the control of the rights and freedoms of participants in criminal proceedings. It is explained the choice of terms, basic expressions included in the explanation of judicial discretion investigating judge.

On the organization of crime scene investigation during the investigation of serial sex murders

The article covers certain key issues of criminal process and criminalistics concerning the crime scene investigation during the investigation of serial sex murders. Besides, the author  supports an idea of a number of scientists that crime scene investigation is an urgent investigative action that is conducted with the aim to reveal and record information on the circumstances of crime and it should be processed efficiently, timely and competently so as not to lose evidences.