Annotation. In this article are considered and analyzed the educational potential of the popularization historical and cultural heritage of the National Museum of Hutsul and Pokuttya Folk Art named after Y. Kobrynskyy. According to mordern requirements, museums have to become open multipurpose centers of culture, science, education and training in accordance with international trends development of the museum activity — an open museum for the open society. One of the main objectives of the statute of the International Council of Museums (ICOM Ukraine) is the definition of “museum” as an institution designed for strengthening its role in the society and contributing to a better knowledge of the culture of various nations and strengthening mutual understanding between them.
The proclamation of Ukraine’s independence in 1991 radically changed national priorities — the need for deeper knowledge of Ukrainian history, language, beliefs and culture. At this timea number of measures were initiated to support crafts, preservation the old relics and monuments and study the works of folk crafts men. The activity in this area was initiated by the cultural elite of Kolomyia, museum experts and educators. To improve the Museum in accordance with the latest methods of scientific and educational potential and for the preservation and promotion of historical and cultural heritage a certain concept was produced. It was intended to create a unifying and coordinating institution artists, scientist sand various educational institutions under the motto “Museum and professional contacts”.
A powerful tool to express the educational potential of the museum concept was the creation by the Museum a number of popular — science films about various types of folkart, the life and career of the individual artists, video sabout the customs and traditions of Hutsulshchyna and Pokuttya natives, creation museum site (recognized as one of the best museum sites of Ukraine), from which you canget the correct information.
To address current conceptual challenges Museum focuses on close cooperation with teachers — specialists artistic culture and fine arts teachers. It should be emphasized that the crucial role is holding of various artisticevents for folk artists, during which there is involvement of youth for practical training in various types of crafts. Such cognitive ethnology lessons in pottery, artistic wood work, beads, appliques, weaving, pysanky, embroidery museum personnel conducts not only in the museum but also at schools. Such emotional lyrich classis a process of aesthetic education. All ethnology lessons are accompanied not only practical training but also multimedia presentations. The scientific and educational work is high lighted as anexample of various conferences, artevents, exhibitions, publications, museum academies and studios.
Since 2009, the Museum has first initiated a new form of educational work with young people underthe motto “Museum academies”, which became one of the most effective forms of cooperation between the museums and educational institutions. These academies contributed to better communication between scientists of the Museum and students for learning new material. The primary audience of these actions was identified by the museum experts to be the most active and interested students from different educational institutions of Kolomyia and its area. Scientists steer them to choose hot topics related to historical events and the present time. Museum organized and hosted 18 “museum academies”. For the most part these academies were dedicated to known figures of Ukrainian culture. The duration of these events is at least 2 hours. While discussing the high lighted material between the participants facilitate communication and discussion.
1. Статут всеукраїнської громадської організації «Український комітет Міжнародної Ради Музеїв» [Електронний ресурс]. — Режим доступу: http://www.artmuzeum.kr.ua/diyalnist/82. 2. Вінцензіана: В48 Статті, листи, фрагменти творів / За ред. М. Васильчука. — Коломия : Вік, 2008. — 320 с.+8 с.іл.