Existential fundamentals of church law

Church law is often identified with canon law, just as the spirit is taken for the soul. In this regard, scientific discussions are taking place, as a result of which there is a search, research interests. We will begin with an analysis of two problems: 1) the categories of dialectics, which fix the degree of unity and difference between scientific concepts and 2) the metaanthropological components of human existence. That is, we will study ecclesiastical law from the standpoint of two alternative concepts - dialectics and metaphysics.

Anthropological origin and motives of human dignity

Anthropological substantiation of human dignity is a topical issue. Man is a creation of God, endowed with positive and negative qualities, but which of them he prefers to decide for himself. The concept of human dignity and its place in human life is clarified. Emphasis is placed on anthropology as a process of creating a person and endowing him with the qualities that God himself has, because man was created in the image of God and must imitate all the positive qualities that are given to him. Emphasis is placed on the qualities that God has given to man.

Formation of the human rights institute in the Middle ages

The article examines the worldview ideas of the most famous thinkers such as Thomas
Aquinas, Marseille Padua, and Niccolo Machiavelli, who have developed fundamental ideas of
human rights through their work, and their teaching is a great legacy for the modern world.
Thomas Aquinas paid special attention to the moral virtues of man, highlighting justice as the
most important of them. He also substantiated the basic prerequisites for the creation and
functioning of the state as a tool for the achievement of the common good and good while

Philosophical and legal concept of the defense "civil society": modern scientific approaches

On  the  basis  of  the  latest  scientific  research,  the  philosophical  and  legal  concept  of  the 
definition  of  «civil  society»  is  thoroughly  analyzed,  Modern  approaches  to  understanding  the 
concept  are  systematized.  There  searchis  based  on  the  scholarly  views  of  prominent 
philosophers,  as  well  as  the  author’s  own  approach  and  conclusions  about  there  search 
The  research  is  based  on  the  scientific  views  of  significant  philosophers,  as  well  as  the 

Human rights in the context of the postomoderial legal review

Natural-legal  concepts  characterize  human  rights  as  the  manifestation  of  the  values  of 
human  existence  and  the manifestation  of  objective  needs. However,  one  should  not ignore  the 
fact  that  the  understanding  of  the  genesis  and  essence  of  human  rights  was  evaluated 
extensively  on  the  basis  of  two  anti-ethical  positions,  and  positivist  approach  to  the 
understanding  of  human  rights  was  a  certain  antipode.  Under  the  conditions  of  the  legitimate 

Legal determination of behavior:historical-theoretical measurement

The  features  of  the  concept  of  behavior  essential  content  of  which  is  at  the  present  stage 
of  transformation  of  society  is  revealed  through  the  following  categories  and  concepts  like 
«man»,  «society»,  «activity»,  «public»  and  «industrial  relations»,  «social  life»,  «personality» 
etc.  The  behavior  is  considered  as  a  set  of  successive  works  or  system  of  human  action  as 
practical,  real  or  realized  the  effect  that,  first,  there  is  a  kind  of  behavior,  meaningful  set  of 

Theoretical and methodological aspects of the subject of social security law

The  presence  in today’s  legal  discourse  of  a  large number  of  scientific  approaches to  the 
definition  of  the  subject  of  social  welfare  law  is  unjustified,  since  it  is  impossible  to  determine 
the  universal  criterion  for  distinguishing  this  branch  of  law  from  the  converging  branches  of 
law. In our opinion, the relations that constitute the subject of the right of social security in the 
main  number  of  their  material  nature,  as  well  as  not  material,  although  tangent  to  the 

Concept of human rights in the philosophy and legal discussion of antitetic positions

Theoretical understanding and philosophical comprehension of all legal phenomena
began with the traditional division of the right to positive and natural, so they are considered
as certain antipodes in the general consciousness, which, however, are the most practical and
significant types of legal thinking. We managed to trace the fact that it was the intensive
development of humanistic ideas in the context of new political and economic trends that led to
the emergence of the doctrine of “natural human rights”. Increasingly, among the general

Determination of conduct definitions: theoretical and legal aspects

The features of the concept of behavior essential content of which is at the present stage of transformation of society is revealed through the following categories and concepts like “man”, “society”, “activity”, “public” and “industrial relations”, “social life”, “personality” etc. The behavior is considered as a set of successive works or system of human action as practical, real or realized the effect that, first, there is a kind of behavior, meaningful set of works.