The phenomenon of justice as a legal value: scientific discourse of modern understanding

Yevhenii HUSHCHENKOV "The phenomenon of justice as a legal value: scientific discourse of modern understanding"

Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article clarifies the determining features of justice as a legal value through the prism of modern legal understanding. It is noted that justice is one of the most important problems of our time, which reflects the extremely complex dialectical processes of the legal development of global society. As a value, it forms the worldview attitudes of society, people's vision of their future, their eternal aspirations for harmony and perfection of social relations. And also allows to comprehensively understand the meaning and content of modern processes of state and law-making. Four criteria of justice in the legal dimension are singled out: 1) equality; 2) distinction; 3) ideas of humanism; 4) systematicity.

The phenomenon of justice as a legal value is revealed and its dynamic nature and relative constancy of the criteria for its definition in the legal dimension are noted, which is caused by real changes in the political life of society, legal matter, economy, etc. It is natural that all evolutionary and transformational processes within society significantly affect the general perception of justice or injustice, as well as the criteria for their assessment. That is, the understanding of justice has a specific historical, socio-cultural and political-legal context, and depends on the constantly changing social life.

It is concluded that justice occupies a decisive place in the integral system of legal values. It reflects the practical side of the implementation of law as an effective regulator of social relations, a tool that has a powerful human-creating potential. Through legal means, legal institutions, justice embodies the high purpose of law, its humanistic nature.

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