On some historical and legal determinants that affect the effectiveness of public control in the field of execution of punishments in Ukraine

2022;
Authors:
1
National Forestry University of Ukraine

In the article analyzes the historical and legal sources that regulated the procedure for public control over the process of execution - serving sentences, established the patterns of emergence and development of the problems existing in connection with this, and proposed some ways to solve them in essence. 

One of the problems and, at the same time, the tasks defined in the Concept of reforming (development) of the penitentiary system of Ukraine, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in 2017, is to bring the content of criminal enforcement activities, including public control, to best international practices and standards. 

Scholars also emphasize the need to increase the level of effectiveness of public associations in the field of execution of sentences in our country, noting that in modern conditions of changes in the process of execution - serving sentences is important to establish those determinants that were formed in previous years and continue to operate in today, negatively affecting the state of public control in this area of public relations.

It is for these reasons that the subject of research was chosen in this scientific article and its purpose is determined, namely - on the basis of analysis of historical and legal sources related to public control in the field of execution of sentences, to formulate a modern view of the organization and implementation. current socio-political and legal reality in Ukraine.

Based on this, the main task of this research is to identify existing problems in this regard and justify the most effective ways and means of solving them in essence.

1. Kolb O. H., Makhnitskyi O. I. [2019].Zmist hromadskoho kontroliu u sferi vykonannia pokaran Ukrainy. [Content of public control in the field of execution of punishments of Ukraine]. Visnyk Penitentsiarnoi asotsiatsii Ukrainy. №3(9). S. 223-230.

2. Kvasha O. O. [2017].Znachennia filosofskoi katehorii prychynnosti u kryminalno-pravovykh doslidzhenniakh : tradytsii ta suchasnist. [The value of the philosophical category of causality in criminal law research: traditions and modernity].Pravova derzhava. Vyp. 28. S. 333-340.

3. Batyrhareieva V. S., Babenko A. M. [2020].Vplyv ustanov vykonannia pokaran i poperednoho uv’iaznennia na kryminohennu sytuatsiiu v Ukraini. [Influence of penitentiary institutions and pre-trial detention on the criminogenic situation in Ukraine]. Pravo Ukrainy. S. 164-183.

4. Pro zatverdzhennia Vypravno-trudovoho kodeksu Ukrainskoi RSR : Zakon Ukrainskoi RSR vid 23 hrudnia 1970 roku № 3325-07. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainskoi RSR. 1971. № 1. St. 6.

5. Chakubash Yu. V. [1998].Formuvannia naukovoho pohliadu na tiurmu yak suspilno-derzhavnyi instytut. [Formation of a scientific view of the prison as a public institution]/Problemy penitentsiarnoi teorii i praktyky. № 1(3). S. 29-40.

6. Hel A. P., Semakov H. S., Yakovets I. S. [2008].Kryminalno-vykonavche pravo Ukrainy : navch. posibnyk [Criminal-executive law of Ukraine: textbook. Manual]/ za prof. A. Kh. Stepaniuka. Kyiv : Yurinkom Inter, 624 s. [inUkrainian].

7. Boiko I. Y. [2013]. Kryminalni pokarannia v ukraini (IKh-KhKh st.) [Criminal punishments in Ukraine (IX-XX centuries)]: navch. posibnyk. Lviv : LNU im. Ivana Franka, 408 s. [inUkrainian].

8. Avakov A. B. [2017].Lenyn s namy? [Lenin with us?]. Kharkov : Folyo, 157 s. [inUkrainian].

9. Dovidnyk pro avtoreferaty vykonanykh v Ukraini za 1991-2008 roky dysertatsii na zdobuttia naukovoho stupenia doktora i kandydata yurydychnykh nauk [Handbook of abstracts of dissertations for the degree of Doctor and Candidate of Laws made in Ukraine in 1991-2008] / ukl. V. K. Hryshchuk, B. O. Kyrys, O. F. Paseka. Lviv : Lviv. derzh. un-t vnutr. sprav, 2009. 472 s. [inUkrainian].

10. Pro ob’iednannia hromadian : Zakon Ukrainy vid 16 chervnia 1992 roku № 2460-KhII. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 1992. № 34. St. 504.

11. Pro zastosuvannia Konstytutsii Ukrainy pry zdiisnenni pravosuddia : postanova Plenumu Verkhovnoho Sudu Ukrainy vid 01.11.1996. № 9. Postanovy Plenumu Verkhovnoho Sudu Ukrainy v kryminalnykh spravakh / uporiad. V. V. Rozhnova, A. S. Syzonenko, L. D. Udalova. Kyiv : PALYVODA A. V., 2011. S. 136-141.

12. Pro militsiiu : Zakon Ukrainy vid 20 hrudnia 1990 roku № 565-KhII. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 1991. № 4. St. 20.

13. Radov H. O. [1996]. Pershocherhovi problemy penitentsiarnoi polityky Ukrainy na suchasnomu etapi. [Priority problems of the penitentiary policy of Ukraine at the present stage]. Problemy penitentsiarnoi teorii i praktyky. № 1. S. 12-16.

14. Radov H. O. [1997]. Rol ta mistse penitentsiarnoi systemy v strukturi derzhavnoho upravlinnia Ukrainy. Doktrynalna model Zakonu «Pro penitentsiarnu systemu Ukrainy».[The role and place of the penitentiary system in the structure of public administration of Ukraine. Doctrinal model of the Law "On the Penitentiary System of Ukraine"]. Problemy penitentsiarnoi teorii i praktyky. № 1(2). S. 5-52.

15. Osnovnыe napravlenyia reformы uholovno-yspolnytelnoi systemы v Ukraynskoi SSR : utverd. Postanovlenyem Kabyneta Mynystrov Ukraynskoi SSR ot 11 yiulia 1991 hoda. № 88. Kyev : HUYN MVD Ukraynы, 1991.18 s.

https://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/volume-9-number-436-2022/some-historical-and-legal-determinants-affect Gerasim P. “On some historical and legal determinants that affect the effectiveness of public control in the field of execution of punishments in Ukraine.”