Kant's ideas and their influence on the formation of natural and scientific hypothesis of the space

: 99-104
Received: October 01, 2017
Accepted: November 25, 2017
Lviv National Polytechnic University

The author considers evolution and transformation definition of space in Kant’s philosophy. Kant’s conception of space had a big and important influence on natural scientific knowledge. I emphasize that Kant’s conception of space has been changed. In the beginning of his scientific career, Kant was considered space as absolutely and objective. It is almost the same as Isaac Newton’s conception of space. German philosopher does think about absoluteness of space as independent from human perception. The article explains that objective space has itself parameters — move and orderliness. Kant’s idea about the move of space was very progressive and modern for his epoch. Kant does not explain absolutely space. He assumed that space is evidently in perception that makes you believe that something is true or exists. However, in second-period German philosopher changed his opinion: Kant is going to prove that space is objective and independent of human perception. The author explains: that Kant could not do that. Kant understood this problem and existence of the reason of this complexity. He discovered that definition of space must have marks, physical things or body, matter. Kant discovered the idea that human knows about space with help of the pure contemplation. Pure contemplation is out of limits of reason or sense – Kant’s conclusion.

The article examines evolution Kant’s idea about space after him. Physical body and their motion were important in Helmholtz’s conception. His conception was coalescence natural science and psychology. It is part of psychology which had Kantian’s basis. Finally, French scientist and philosopher Henri Poincare assume about relativity and passive of space. The general conclusion of this article is that Kant got closer geometry and physics, imaginary and actually.

Bitbol, M., Kerszberg, P., Petitot, J. (2009). Constituting Objectivity. Transcendental Perspectives on Modern Physics. Dordrecht: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9510-8

Geier, M. (2007). Kant’s World. Biography. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Universe.

Hatfield, G., Kitcher, P., Melnick, A. (2011). The Cambridge Companion h Kant and Modern Philosophy (Cambridge Companions h Philosophy). 2nd revised Edition. Cambridge University Press.

Kadykalo, A. (2016). The Aspects of Transformation of the Orientations of Scientific Thinking. [In Ukrainian]. Practical Philosophy, 4, 134–140.

Kant, I. (2007). Heritage and Project. Scientific Edition. [In Russian]. Moscow: Kanon + ROOI “Reabilitation”.

Kant, I.(2000). Critics of Pure Reason. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Universe.

Pavlov, V. (2004). Space and Time as the Epistemological Obstacles of Cognition. [In Ukrainian]. Philosophical Almanah, 41, 175–183.

Shabel L. (2003). Reflections on Kant`s Concept (and Intuition) of Space. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 34, 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-3681(02)00089-4

Vinci, Th. (2015). Space, Geometry, and Kant`s Transcendental Deduction of the Categories .Oxford University Press.