Problems of interaction between human rights and public administration as public institutions are investigated. The conclusion regarding the correlation of their structure and methodology is argued. The existence of interdependence between the state of development of democratic institutions in society and the state of observance and protection of human rights that determine the effectiveness of government and its ability to implement its functions is proved.
Problem setting. The development of information technologies and especially the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic have highlighted the problem of digitization of many areas of human activity, including law. Digital tools are increasingly used in the legal business, legal services, law enforcement, including administrative services and even justice. One of the most radical ideas in this area is the translation of legal norms into the form of program code, called “Computational Law” or computational approach to law.
The article examines digital human rights in the era of globalization. It is noted that the emergence of the phenomenon - digital human rights is associated with the emergence of freedom of access to the Internet, as well as the definition of potential "right to be forgotten" (the right to demand deletion of personal data, confidential information about a person from search services).
International human rights protection is one of the most important tasks of modern international law and it is related to the concept of "human rights standards". By standardizing the rights and freedoms of the individual and the citizen, it is possible to recognize a particular legal system as democratic, that is, one that meets the democratic goals of human development. International legal standards in the field of health play a significant role in protecting human rights, and therefore there is a need for research.
The article deals with the comparative analysis of the nature of human rights in the states of the Islamic legal family in accordance with the norms established by the western states. The peculiarities of the attitude of Muslim, Arab states to international legal acts regulating the protection of human rights are highlighted. The backwardness of Islamic theocratic states from the democratic and legal principles on human rights issues that have emerged in Europe and in the world is the main problem. The issue of human rights protection is still relevant in 2020.
The article deals with the fundamental and ideological ideas of the most famous philosophers of thіs period. The historical formation of the Human Rights Institute has been explored in the far-sighted ideas of prominent thinkers. Yu. Lipsy in his writings states that natural law is a certain human right to life, which is laid by nature itself. He also devotes his attention to the mind and conscience of a person who, as a judge, is called to determine common sense acts and distinguishes them as immoral and moral.
The article deals with the analysis of the legal positions of the European Court of Human Rights formed in the process of hearing cases of human rights violations through language discrimination (discrimination on the basis of language) in the exercise of the right to education. On the basis of the analyzed legal positions it is possible to explain the unreasonableness of the requirements of some minority representatives to carry out the educational process exclusively in the language of the national minority, while ignoring the educational process in the state language.
The essence of people’s sovereignty as a legal phenomenon is clarified and its author’s definition for the science of constitutional law is proposed.
The article examines the role and importance of the basic principles of law in the formation of administrative law. It is noted that the most important task of the modern stage of the development of administrative law is the legal provision of the functioning of public authorities, their bodies and employees, as well as forms and methods of activity on the principles of the rule of law.
The article is devoted to analyzing the need to update the paradigm of legal regulation of drug use in the context of emerging global challenges and new generation human rights. The international framework for combating drug trafficking, in particular the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the United Nations Convention against Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, has been analyzed. It is pointed out that today many scholars and representatives of international NGOs deny a harsh criminal-repressive approach.