The relevance of the problem study of legal understanding shall be determined by a combination of ideological, social and political factors, including the urgent need to comprehend legal understanding as the most important regulator of social relations, as well as the need for a critical rethinking of traditional concepts of legal understanding.
The article, based on the theoretical concepts of A. Gramsci and T. Parsons, defines the philosophical and legal foundations of the civil society model. In the twentieth century. some attempts have been made to develop a theory of civil society on a foundation. First of all, it should be noted such well-known scientists as A. Gramsch and T. Parsons, who were influenced by the teachings of G. Hegel and at the same time made adjustments to his theory, comparing civil society and economy, civil society and the state.
The article analyzes the structuring of the legal system as a regulatory framework of the legal system, which is formed based on the legal ideology of a state and at the same time acting as a normative basis for behavior in the field of law. The generative role of legal consciousness in relation to the component structure of the legal system is determined, which in the future ensures its integration.
In the article it is found out that legal values are a determining element of legal influence on the society, which have a significant influence on the mechanism of legal regulation. It is determined that the legal values are, first of all, interrelated with the principles of law, justice, law-making and legal implementation; secondly, they are real socio-legal phenomena, remedies and mechanisms. Legal values have a hierarchical structure and their system is based on a specific set of interests that underpins human needs.
On the basis of a thorough analysis of the existing historiographical base, the legal
system of jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court is analyzed. The US Supreme Court has been
found to be the first court in certain categories of cases and to appeal in federal cases. The
current U.S. Supreme Court only deals with a petition from a party or other interested party
in the order of a certifier, and federal and state Supreme Courts can refer to it if they need a
competent interpretation of federal law in the certification procedure. The analysis of
The integration processes taking place in the modern world lead to the development of the
national systemof legislation. Exploring the origin and evolution of Ukrainian legislation, it should
be noted that this process is long and characterized by specific stages of development and the
formation of our state. Introduce the integration processes in the country, first of all, it is necessary
to be guided by the fact that each legal system of a certain state, which is stipulated by the system
On the basis of a thorough analysis of scientific papers highlighted the problem of deviations in the legal system of social and cultural change. It was found that the phenomenon of deviance ambivalent nature and can mean both negative and positive social change. In the scientific literature rejection divided into primary and secondary. Those terms that society is negligible, considered primary, and subjects who commits them, do not qualify as devianta because they do not violate social norms.
In the article the methodological aspects of research philosophical and legal model synergy in legal systems of Ukraine and the EU. The basic approaches and philosophical and legal ideas that are used in the study of the nature of legal systems. The essence of synergy legal systems of Ukraine and the EU, filling intellectual meanings semantics of these legal systems.
The article analyzes the legal knowledge as a legal category that reflects the process, while the result of a focused knowledge of law. We consider the epistemological aspect of thinking that opens in a conscious effort to create the entity and identify their attitude to the law in a particular behavior and activity. DONE general theoretical analysis of the conceptual foundations of legal knowledge of the methodology, described the basic scientific methods the nature and features of this complex legal
In the article made theoretical analysis and comparative characteristics of the concepts of mentality, legal mentality.
An attempt was made of determining criteria by which classified the mentality of positive law of states, nations, nationalities using the following categories of theory and philosophy of law as “system of law,” “legal system” and “Family Law."